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Sourcecode: libjgroups-java version File versions

JChannel.java

package org.jgroups;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import org.jgroups.conf.ConfiguratorFactory;
import org.jgroups.conf.ProtocolStackConfigurator;
import org.jgroups.stack.IpAddress;
import org.jgroups.stack.ProtocolStack;
import org.jgroups.stack.StateTransferInfo;
import org.jgroups.util.*;
import org.jgroups.protocols.TP;
import org.w3c.dom.Element;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Vector;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentMap;
import java.util.concurrent.Exchanger;

/**
 * JChannel is a pure Java implementation of Channel.
 * When a JChannel object is instantiated it automatically sets up the
 * protocol stack.
 * <p>
 * <B>Properties</B>
 * <P>
 * Properties are used to configure a channel, and are accepted in
 * several forms; the String form is described here.
 * A property string consists of a number of properties separated by
 * colons.  For example:
 * <p>
 * <pre>"&lt;prop1&gt;(arg1=val1):&lt;prop2&gt;(arg1=val1;arg2=val2):&lt;prop3&gt;:&lt;propn&gt;"</pre>
 * <p>
 * Each property relates directly to a protocol layer, which is
 * implemented as a Java class. When a protocol stack is to be created
 * based on the above property string, the first property becomes the
 * bottom-most layer, the second one will be placed on the first, etc.:
 * the stack is created from the bottom to the top, as the string is
 * parsed from left to right. Each property has to be the name of a
 * Java class that resides in the
 * {@link org.jgroups.protocols} package.
 * <p>
 * Note that only the base name has to be given, not the fully specified
 * class name (e.g., UDP instead of org.jgroups.protocols.UDP).
 * <p>
 * Each layer may have 0 or more arguments, which are specified as a
 * list of name/value pairs in parentheses directly after the property.
 * In the example above, the first protocol layer has 1 argument,
 * the second 2, the third none. When a layer is created, these
 * properties (if there are any) will be set in a layer by invoking
 * the layer's setProperties() method
 * <p>
 * As an example the property string below instructs JGroups to create
 * a JChannel with protocols UDP, PING, FD and GMS:<p>
 * <pre>"UDP(mcast_addr=228.10.9.8;mcast_port=5678):PING:FD:GMS"</pre>
 * <p>
 * The UDP protocol layer is at the bottom of the stack, and it
 * should use mcast address 228.10.9.8. and port 5678 rather than
 * the default IP multicast address and port. The only other argument
 * instructs FD to output debug information while executing.
 * Property UDP refers to a class {@link org.jgroups.protocols.UDP},
 * which is subsequently loaded and an instance of which is created as protocol layer.
 * If any of these classes are not found, an exception will be thrown and
 * the construction of the stack will be aborted.
 *
 * @author Bela Ban
 * @version $Id: JChannel.java,v 1.158.2.18 2008/05/28 15:09:38 vlada Exp $
 */
00076 public class JChannel extends Channel {

    /**
     * The default protocol stack used by the default constructor.
     */
00081     public static final String DEFAULT_PROTOCOL_STACK="udp.xml";

    static final String FORCE_PROPS="force.properties";

    /* the protocol stack configuration string */
    private String props=null;

    /*the address of this JChannel instance*/
    private Address local_addr=null;
    /*the channel (also know as group) name*/
    private String cluster_name=null;  // group name
    /*the latest view of the group membership*/
    private View my_view=null;
    /*the queue that is used to receive messages (events) from the protocol stack*/
    private final Queue mq=new Queue();
    /*the protocol stack, used to send and receive messages from the protocol stack*/
    private ProtocolStack prot_stack=null;

    /** Thread responsible for closing a channel and potentially reconnecting to it (e.g., when shunned). */
00100     protected CloserThread closer=null;

    /** To wait until a local address has been assigned */
00103     private final Promise<Address> local_addr_promise=new Promise<Address>();

    private final Promise<Boolean> state_promise=new Promise<Boolean>();

    private final Exchanger<StateTransferInfo> applstate_exchanger=new Exchanger<StateTransferInfo>();

    private final Promise<Boolean> flush_unblock_promise=new Promise<Boolean>();

    /** wait until we have a non-null local_addr */
00112     private long LOCAL_ADDR_TIMEOUT=30000; //=Long.parseLong(System.getProperty("local_addr.timeout", "30000"));
    /*if the states is fetched automatically, this is the default timeout, 5 secs*/
    private static final long GET_STATE_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT=5000;
    /*if FLUSH is used channel waits for UNBLOCK event, this is the default timeout, 5 secs*/
    private static final long FLUSH_UNBLOCK_TIMEOUT=5000;
    /*flag to indicate whether to receive blocks, if this is set to true, receive_views is set to true*/
    private boolean receive_blocks=false;
    /*flag to indicate whether to receive local messages
     *if this is set to false, the JChannel will not receive messages sent by itself*/
    private boolean receive_local_msgs=true;
    /*flag to indicate whether the channel will reconnect (reopen) when the exit message is received*/
    private boolean auto_reconnect=true;
    /*flag t indicate whether the state is supposed to be retrieved after the channel is reconnected
     *setting this to true, automatically forces auto_reconnect to true*/
    private boolean auto_getstate=false;
    /*channel connected flag*/
    protected volatile boolean connected=false;

    /*channel closed flag*/
    protected volatile boolean closed=false;      // close() has been called, channel is unusable

    /** True if a state transfer protocol is available, false otherwise */
00134     private boolean state_transfer_supported=false; // set by CONFIG event from STATE_TRANSFER protocol

    /** True if a flush protocol is available, false otherwise */
00137     private volatile boolean flush_supported=false; // set by CONFIG event from FLUSH protocol

    /** Provides storage for arbitrary objects. Protocols can send up CONFIG events, and all key-value pairs of
     * a CONFIG event will be added to additional_data. On reconnect, a CONFIG event will be sent down by the channel,
     * containing all key-value pairs of additional_data
     */
00143     protected final Map<String,Object> additional_data=new HashMap<String,Object>();
    
    protected final ConcurrentMap<String,Object> info=new ConcurrentHashMap<String,Object>();

    protected final Log log=LogFactory.getLog(getClass());

    /** Collect statistics */
00150     protected boolean stats=true;

    protected long sent_msgs=0, received_msgs=0, sent_bytes=0, received_bytes=0;




    /** Used by subclass to create a JChannel without a protocol stack, don't use as application programmer */
00158     protected JChannel(boolean no_op) {
        ;
    }

    /**
     * Constructs a <code>JChannel</code> instance with the protocol stack
     * specified by the <code>DEFAULT_PROTOCOL_STACK</code> member.
     *
     * @throws ChannelException if problems occur during the initialization of
     *                          the protocol stack.
     */
00169     public JChannel() throws ChannelException {
        this(DEFAULT_PROTOCOL_STACK);
    }

    /**
     * Constructs a <code>JChannel</code> instance with the protocol stack
     * configuration contained by the specified file.
     *
     * @param properties a file containing a JGroups XML protocol stack
     *                   configuration.
     *
     * @throws ChannelException if problems occur during the configuration or
     *                          initialization of the protocol stack.
     */
00183     public JChannel(File properties) throws ChannelException {
        this(ConfiguratorFactory.getStackConfigurator(properties));
    }

    /**
     * Constructs a <code>JChannel</code> instance with the protocol stack
     * configuration contained by the specified XML element.
     *
     * @param properties a XML element containing a JGroups XML protocol stack
     *                   configuration.
     *
     * @throws ChannelException if problems occur during the configuration or
     *                          initialization of the protocol stack.
     */
00197     public JChannel(Element properties) throws ChannelException {
        this(ConfiguratorFactory.getStackConfigurator(properties));
    }

    /**
     * Constructs a <code>JChannel</code> instance with the protocol stack
     * configuration indicated by the specified URL.
     *
     * @param properties a URL pointing to a JGroups XML protocol stack
     *                   configuration.
     *
     * @throws ChannelException if problems occur during the configuration or
     *                          initialization of the protocol stack.
     */
00211     public JChannel(URL properties) throws ChannelException {
        this(ConfiguratorFactory.getStackConfigurator(properties));
    }

    /**
     * Constructs a <code>JChannel</code> instance with the protocol stack
     * configuration based upon the specified properties parameter.
     *
     * @param properties an old style property string, a string representing a
     *                   system resource containing a JGroups XML configuration,
     *                   a string representing a URL pointing to a JGroups XML
     *                   XML configuration, or a string representing a file name
     *                   that contains a JGroups XML configuration.
     *
     * @throws ChannelException if problems occur during the configuration and
     *                          initialization of the protocol stack.
     */
00228     public JChannel(String properties) throws ChannelException {
        this(ConfiguratorFactory.getStackConfigurator(properties));
    }

    /**
     * Constructs a <code>JChannel</code> instance with the protocol stack
     * configuration contained by the protocol stack configurator parameter.
     * <p>
     * All of the public constructors of this class eventually delegate to this
     * method.
     *
     * @param configurator a protocol stack configurator containing a JGroups
     *                     protocol stack configuration.
     *
     * @throws ChannelException if problems occur during the initialization of
     *                          the protocol stack.
     */
00245     public JChannel(ProtocolStackConfigurator configurator) throws ChannelException {
        init(configurator);
    }




    /**
     * Creates a new JChannel with the protocol stack as defined in the properties
     * parameter. an example of this parameter is<BR>
     * "UDP:PING:FD:STABLE:NAKACK:UNICAST:FRAG:FLUSH:GMS:VIEW_ENFORCER:STATE_TRANSFER:QUEUE"<BR>
     * Other examples can be found in the ./conf directory<BR>
     * @param properties the protocol stack setup; if null, the default protocol stack will be used.
     *                               The properties can also be a java.net.URL object or a string that is a URL spec.
     *                   The JChannel will validate any URL object and String object to see if they are a URL.
     *                   In case of the parameter being a url, the JChannel will try to load the xml from there.
     *                   In case properties is a org.w3c.dom.Element, the ConfiguratorFactory will parse the
     *                   DOM tree with the element as its root element.
     * @deprecated Use the constructors with specific parameter types instead.
     */
00265     public JChannel(Object properties) throws ChannelException {
        if (properties == null)
            properties = DEFAULT_PROTOCOL_STACK;

        ProtocolStackConfigurator c=null;

        try {
            c=ConfiguratorFactory.getStackConfigurator(properties);
        }
        catch(Exception x) {
            throw new ChannelException("unable to load protocol stack", x);
        }
        init(c);
    }


    /**
     * Returns the protocol stack.
     * Currently used by Debugger.
     * Specific to JChannel, therefore
     * not visible in Channel
     */
00287     public ProtocolStack getProtocolStack() {
        return prot_stack;
    }

    protected Log getLog() {
        return log;
    }

    /**
     * returns the protocol stack configuration in string format.
     * an example of this property is<BR>
     * "UDP:PING:FD:STABLE:NAKACK:UNICAST:FRAG:FLUSH:GMS:VIEW_ENFORCER:STATE_TRANSFER:QUEUE"
     */
00300     public String getProperties() {
        return props;
    }

    public boolean statsEnabled() {
        return stats;
    }

    public void enableStats(boolean stats) {
        this.stats=stats;
    }

    public void resetStats() {
        sent_msgs=received_msgs=sent_bytes=received_bytes=0;
    }

    public long getSentMessages() {return sent_msgs;}
    public long getSentBytes() {return sent_bytes;}
    public long getReceivedMessages() {return received_msgs;}
    public long getReceivedBytes() {return received_bytes;}
    public int getNumberOfTasksInTimer() {
        TimeScheduler timer=getTimer();
        return timer != null? timer.size() : -1;
    }

    public int getTimerThreads() {
        TimeScheduler timer=getTimer();
        return timer != null? timer.getCorePoolSize() : -1;
    }

    public String dumpTimerQueue() {
        TimeScheduler timer=getTimer();
        return timer != null? timer.dumpTaskQueue() : "<n/a";
    }

    /**
     * Returns a pretty-printed form of all the protocols. If include_properties
     * is set, the properties for each protocol will also be printed.
     */
00339     public String printProtocolSpec(boolean include_properties) {
        ProtocolStack ps=getProtocolStack();
        return ps != null? ps.printProtocolSpec(include_properties) : null;
    }


    /**
     * Connects the channel to a group.
     * If the channel is already connected, an error message will be printed to the error log.
     * If the channel is closed a ChannelClosed exception will be thrown.
     * This method starts the protocol stack by calling ProtocolStack.start,
     * then it sends an Event.CONNECT event down the stack and waits for the return value.
     * Once the call returns, the channel listeners are notified and the channel is considered connected.
     *
     * @param cluster_name A <code>String</code> denoting the group name. Cannot be null.
     * @exception ChannelException The protocol stack cannot be started
     * @exception ChannelClosedException The channel is closed and therefore cannot be used any longer.
     *                                   A new channel has to be created first.
     */
00358     public synchronized void connect(String cluster_name) throws ChannelException {
        if(connected) {
            if(log.isTraceEnabled()) log.trace("already connected to " + cluster_name);
            return;
        }

        startStack(cluster_name);

        if(cluster_name != null) {    // only connect if we are not a unicast channel

            Event connect_event=new Event(Event.CONNECT, cluster_name);
            Object res=downcall(connect_event);  // waits forever until connected (or channel is closed)
            if(res != null && res instanceof Exception) { // the JOIN was rejected by the coordinator
                stopStack(true, false);
                init();
                throw new ChannelException("connect() failed", (Throwable)res);
            }

            //if FLUSH is used do not return from connect() until UNBLOCK event is received                       
            if(flushSupported()) {
               try {
                  flush_unblock_promise.getResultWithTimeout(FLUSH_UNBLOCK_TIMEOUT);
               }
               catch (TimeoutException timeout) {
                  if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                     log.warn(local_addr + " waiting on UNBLOCK after connect() timed out");
               }
            }
        }
        connected=true;
        notifyChannelConnected(this);
    }


    /**
     * Connects this channel to a group and gets a state from a specified state
     * provider.
     * <p>
     * 
     * This method essentially invokes
     * <code>connect<code> and <code>getState<code> methods successively. 
     * If FLUSH protocol is in channel's stack definition only one flush is executed for both connecting and 
     * fetching state rather than two flushes if we invoke <code>connect<code> and <code>getState<code> in succesion. 
     *   
     * If the channel is already connected, an error message will be printed to the error log.
     * If the channel is closed a ChannelClosed exception will be thrown.
     * 
     *                                       
     * @param cluster_name  the cluster name to connect to. Cannot be null.
     * @param target the state provider. If null state will be fetched from coordinator, unless this channel is coordinator.
     * @param state_id the substate id for partial state transfer. If null entire state will be transferred. 
     * @param timeout the timeout for state transfer.      
     * 
     * @exception ChannelException The protocol stack cannot be started
     * @exception ChannelException Connecting to cluster was not successful 
     * @exception ChannelClosedException The channel is closed and therefore cannot be used any longer.
     *                                   A new channel has to be created first.
     * @exception StateTransferException State transfer was not successful
     *
     */
00418     public synchronized void connect(String cluster_name,
                                     Address target,
                                     String state_id,
                                     long timeout) throws ChannelException {

        if(connected) {
            if(log.isTraceEnabled()) log.trace("already connected to " + cluster_name);
            return;
        }

        startStack(cluster_name);

        boolean stateTransferOk=false;
        boolean joinSuccessful=false;
        boolean canFetchState=false;
        // only connect if we are not a unicast channel
        if(cluster_name != null) {

            try {
                Event connect_event=new Event(Event.CONNECT_WITH_STATE_TRANSFER, cluster_name);
                Object res=downcall(connect_event); // waits forever until
                // connected (or channel is
                // closed)
                joinSuccessful=!(res != null && res instanceof Exception);
                if(!joinSuccessful) {
                    stopStack(true, false);
                    init();
                    throw new ChannelException("connect() failed", (Throwable)res);
                }

                connected=true;
                notifyChannelConnected(this);
                canFetchState=getView() != null && getView().size() > 1;

                // if I am not the only member in cluster then
                if(canFetchState) {
                    try {
                        // fetch state from target
                        stateTransferOk=getState(target, state_id, timeout, false);
                        if(!stateTransferOk) {
                            throw new StateTransferException(getLocalAddress() + " could not fetch state "
                                    + state_id
                                    + " from "
                                    + target);
                        }
                    }
                    catch(Exception e) {
                        throw new StateTransferException(getLocalAddress() + " could not fetch state "
                                + state_id
                                + " from "
                                + target, e);
                    }
                }

            }
            finally {
                if(flushSupported() && canFetchState)
                    stopFlush();
            }
        }
    }


    /**
     * Disconnects the channel if it is connected. If the channel is closed,
     * this operation is ignored<BR>
     * Otherwise the following actions happen in the listed order<BR>
     * <ol>
     * <li> The JChannel sends a DISCONNECT event down the protocol stack<BR>
     * <li> Blocks until the event has returned<BR>
     * <li> Sends a STOP_QUEING event down the stack<BR>
     * <li> Stops the protocol stack by calling ProtocolStack.stop()<BR>
     * <li> Notifies the listener, if the listener is available<BR>
     * </ol>
     */
00493     public synchronized void disconnect() {
        if(closed) return;

        if(connected) {

            if(cluster_name != null) {
                // Send down a DISCONNECT event, which travels down to the GMS, where a response is returned
                Event disconnect_event=new Event(Event.DISCONNECT, local_addr);
                down(disconnect_event);   // DISCONNECT is handled by each layer
            }
            connected=false;
            stopStack(true, false);            
            notifyChannelDisconnected(this);
            init(); // sets local_addr=null; changed March 18 2003 (bela) -- prevented successful rejoining
        }
    }


    /**
     * Destroys the channel.
     * After this method has been called, the channel us unusable.<BR>
     * This operation will disconnect the channel and close the channel receive queue immediately<BR>
     */
00516     public synchronized void close() {
        _close(true, true); // by default disconnect before closing channel and close mq
    }


    /** Shuts down the channel without disconnecting */
00522     public synchronized void shutdown() {
        down(new Event(Event.SHUTDOWN));
        _close(false, true); // by default disconnect before closing channel and close mq
    }

    /**
     * Opens the channel. Note that the channel is only open, but <em>not connected</em>.
     * This does the following actions:
     * <ol>
     * <li> Resets the receiver queue by calling Queue.reset
     * <li> Sets up the protocol stack by calling ProtocolStack.setup
     * <li> Sets the closed flag to false
     * </ol>
     */
00536     public synchronized void open() throws ChannelException {
        if(!closed)
            throw new ChannelException("channel is already open");

        try {
            mq.reset();

            // new stack is created on open() - bela June 12 2003
            prot_stack=new ProtocolStack(this, props);
            prot_stack.setup();
            closed=false;
        }
        catch(Exception e) {
            throw new ChannelException("failed to open channel" , e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * returns true if the Open operation has been called successfully
     */
00556     public boolean isOpen() {
        return !closed;
    }


    /**
     * returns true if the Connect operation has been called successfully
     */
00564     public boolean isConnected() {
        return connected;
    }

00568     public int getNumMessages() {
        return mq != null? mq.size() : -1;
    }


    public String dumpQueue() {
        return Util.dumpQueue(mq);
    }

    /**
     * Returns a map of statistics of the various protocols and of the channel itself.
     * @return Map<String,Map>. A map where the keys are the protocols ("channel" pseudo key is
     * used for the channel itself") and the values are property maps.
     */
00582     public Map<String,Object> dumpStats() {
        Map<String,Object> retval=prot_stack.dumpStats();
        if(retval != null) {
            Map<String,Long> tmp=dumpChannelStats();
            if(tmp != null)
                retval.put("channel", tmp);
        }
        return retval;
    }

    protected Map<String,Long> dumpChannelStats() {
        Map<String,Long> retval=new HashMap<String,Long>();
        retval.put("sent_msgs", new Long(sent_msgs));
        retval.put("sent_bytes", new Long(sent_bytes));
        retval.put("received_msgs", new Long(received_msgs));
        retval.put("received_bytes", new Long(received_bytes));
        return retval;
    }


    /**
     * Sends a message through the protocol stack.
     * Implements the Transport interface.
     *
     * @param msg the message to be sent through the protocol stack,
     *        the destination of the message is specified inside the message itself
     * @exception ChannelNotConnectedException
     * @exception ChannelClosedException
     */
00611     public void send(Message msg) throws ChannelNotConnectedException, ChannelClosedException {
        checkClosedOrNotConnected();
        if(msg == null)
            throw new NullPointerException("msg is null");
        if(stats) {
            sent_msgs++;
            sent_bytes+=msg.getLength();
        }

        down(new Event(Event.MSG, msg));
    }


    /**
     * creates a new message with the destination address, and the source address
     * and the object as the message value
     * @param dst - the destination address of the message, null for all members
     * @param src - the source address of the message
     * @param obj - the value of the message
     * @exception ChannelNotConnectedException
     * @exception ChannelClosedException
     * @see JChannel#send
     */
00634     public void send(Address dst, Address src, Serializable obj) throws ChannelNotConnectedException, ChannelClosedException {
        send(new Message(dst, src, obj));
    }


    /**
     * Blocking receive method.
     * This method returns the object that was first received by this JChannel and that has not been
     * received before. After the object is received, it is removed from the receive queue.<BR>
     * If you only want to inspect the object received without removing it from the queue call
     * JChannel.peek<BR>
     * If no messages are in the receive queue, this method blocks until a message is added or the operation times out<BR>
     * By specifying a timeout of 0, the operation blocks forever, or until a message has been received.
     * @param timeout the number of milliseconds to wait if the receive queue is empty. 0 means wait forever
     * @exception TimeoutException if a timeout occured prior to a new message was received
     * @exception ChannelNotConnectedException
     * @exception ChannelClosedException
     * @see JChannel#peek
     * @deprecated Use a {@link Receiver} instead
     */
00654     public Object receive(long timeout) throws ChannelNotConnectedException, ChannelClosedException, TimeoutException {

        checkClosedOrNotConnected();

        try {
            Event evt=(timeout <= 0)? (Event)mq.remove() : (Event)mq.remove(timeout);
            Object retval=getEvent(evt);
            evt=null;
            return retval;
        }
        catch(QueueClosedException queue_closed) {
            throw new ChannelClosedException();
        }
        catch(TimeoutException t) {
            throw t;
        }
        catch(Exception e) {
            if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("exception: " + e);
            return null;
        }
    }


    /**
     * Just peeks at the next message, view or block. Does <em>not</em> install
     * new view if view is received<BR>
     * Does the same thing as JChannel.receive but doesn't remove the object from the
     * receiver queue
     */
00683     public Object peek(long timeout) throws ChannelNotConnectedException, ChannelClosedException, TimeoutException {

        checkClosedOrNotConnected();

        try {
            Event evt=(timeout <= 0)? (Event)mq.peek() : (Event)mq.peek(timeout);
            Object retval=getEvent(evt);
            evt=null;
            return retval;
        }
        catch(QueueClosedException queue_closed) {
            if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("exception: " + queue_closed);
            return null;
        }
        catch(TimeoutException t) {
            return null;
        }
        catch(Exception e) {
            if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("exception: " + e);
            return null;
        }
    }




    /**
     * Returns the current view.
     * <BR>
     * If the channel is not connected or if it is closed it will return null.
     * <BR>
     * @return returns the current group view, or null if the channel is closed or disconnected
     */
00716     public View getView() {
        return closed || !connected ? null : my_view;
    }


    /**
     * returns the local address of the channel
     * returns null if the channel is closed
     */
00725     public Address getLocalAddress() {
        return closed ? null : local_addr;
    }


    /**
     * returns the name of the channel
     * if the channel is not connected or if it is closed it will return null
     * @deprecated Use {@link #getClusterName()} instead
     */
00735     public String getChannelName() {
        return closed ? null : !connected ? null : cluster_name;
    }

00739     public String getClusterName() {
        return closed ? null : !connected ? null : cluster_name;
    }


    /**
     * Sets a channel option.  The options can be one of the following:
     * <UL>
     * <LI>    Channel.BLOCK
     * <LI>    Channel.LOCAL
     * <LI>    Channel.AUTO_RECONNECT
     * <LI>    Channel.AUTO_GETSTATE
     * </UL>
     * <P>
     * There are certain dependencies between the options that you can set,
     * I will try to describe them here.
     * <P>
     * Option: Channel.BLOCK<BR>
     * Value:  java.lang.Boolean<BR>
     * Result: set to true will set setOpt(VIEW, true) and the JChannel will receive BLOCKS and VIEW events<BR>
     *<BR>
     * Option: LOCAL<BR>
     * Value:  java.lang.Boolean<BR>
     * Result: set to true the JChannel will receive messages that it self sent out.<BR>
     *<BR>
     * Option: AUTO_RECONNECT<BR>
     * Value:  java.lang.Boolean<BR>
     * Result: set to true and the JChannel will try to reconnect when it is being closed<BR>
     *<BR>
     * Option: AUTO_GETSTATE<BR>
     * Value:  java.lang.Boolean<BR>
     * Result: set to true, the AUTO_RECONNECT will be set to true and the JChannel will try to get the state after a close and reconnect happens<BR>
     * <BR>
     *
     * @param option the parameter option Channel.VIEW, Channel.SUSPECT, etc
     * @param value the value to set for this option
     *
     */
00777     public void setOpt(int option, Object value) {
        if(closed) {
            if(log.isWarnEnabled()) log.warn("channel is closed; option not set !");
            return;
        }

        switch(option) {
            case VIEW:
                if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                    log.warn("option VIEW has been deprecated (it is always true now); this option is ignored");
                break;
            case SUSPECT:
                if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                    log.warn("option SUSPECT has been deprecated (it is always true now); this option is ignored");
                break;
            case BLOCK:
                if(value instanceof Boolean)
                    receive_blocks=((Boolean)value).booleanValue();
                else
                    if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("option " + Channel.option2String(option) +
                                                     " (" + value + "): value has to be Boolean");
                break;

            case GET_STATE_EVENTS:
                if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                    log.warn("option GET_STATE_EVENTS has been deprecated (it is always true now); this option is ignored");
                break;

            case LOCAL:
                if(value instanceof Boolean)
                    receive_local_msgs=((Boolean)value).booleanValue();
                else
                    if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("option " + Channel.option2String(option) +
                                                     " (" + value + "): value has to be Boolean");
                break;

            case AUTO_RECONNECT:
                if(value instanceof Boolean)
                    auto_reconnect=((Boolean)value).booleanValue();
                else
                    if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("option " + Channel.option2String(option) +
                                                     " (" + value + "): value has to be Boolean");
                break;

            case AUTO_GETSTATE:
                if(value instanceof Boolean) {
                    auto_getstate=((Boolean)value).booleanValue();
                    if(auto_getstate)
                        auto_reconnect=true;
                }
                else
                    if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("option " + Channel.option2String(option) +
                                                     " (" + value + "): value has to be Boolean");
                break;

            default:
                if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("option " + Channel.option2String(option) + " not known");
                break;
        }
    }


    /**
     * returns the value of an option.
     * @param option the option you want to see the value for
     * @return the object value, in most cases java.lang.Boolean
     * @see JChannel#setOpt
     */
00845     public Object getOpt(int option) {
        switch(option) {
            case VIEW:
                  return Boolean.TRUE;
            case BLOCK:
                  return receive_blocks ? Boolean.TRUE : Boolean.FALSE;
            case SUSPECT:
                  return Boolean.TRUE;
            case AUTO_RECONNECT:
                return auto_reconnect ? Boolean.TRUE : Boolean.FALSE;
            case AUTO_GETSTATE:
                return auto_getstate ? Boolean.TRUE : Boolean.FALSE;
            case GET_STATE_EVENTS:
                return Boolean.TRUE;
            case LOCAL:
                  return receive_local_msgs ? Boolean.TRUE : Boolean.FALSE;
            default:
                if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("option " + Channel.option2String(option) + " not known");
                return null;
        }
    }


    /**
     * Called to acknowledge a block() (callback in <code>MembershipListener</code> or
     * <code>BlockEvent</code> received from call to <code>receive()</code>).
     * After sending blockOk(), no messages should be sent until a new view has been received.
     * Calling this method on a closed channel has no effect.
     */
00874     public void blockOk() {
        
    }


    /**
     * Retrieves a full state from the target member.
     * <p>
     * 
     * State transfer is initiated by invoking getState on this channel, state
     * receiver, and sending a GET_STATE message to a target member - state
     * provider. State provider passes GET_STATE message to application that is
     * using the state provider channel which in turn provides an application
     * state to a state receiver. Upon successful installation of a state at
     * state receiver this method returns true.
     * 
     * 
     * @param target
     *                State provider. If null, coordinator is used
     * @param state_id
     *                The ID of the substate. If null, the entire state will be
     *                transferred
     * @param timeout
     *                the number of milliseconds to wait for the operation to
     *                complete successfully. 0 waits until the state has been
     *                received  
     * 
     * @see ExtendedMessageListener#getState(OutputStream)
     * @see ExtendedMessageListener#setState(InputStream)
     * @see MessageListener#getState()
     * @see MessageListener#setState(byte[])
     * 
     * 
     * @return true if state transfer was successful, false otherwise
     * @throws ChannelNotConnectedException
     *                 if channel was not connected at the time state retrieval
     *                 was initiated
     * @throws ChannelClosedException
     *                 if channel was closed at the time state retrieval was
     *                 initiated
     * @throws IllegalStateException
     *                 if one of state transfer protocols is not present in this
     *                 channel
     * @throws IllegalStateException
     *                 if flush is used in this channel and cluster could not be
     *                 flushed
     */
00921     public boolean getState(Address target, long timeout) throws ChannelNotConnectedException, ChannelClosedException {
        return getState(target,null,timeout);
    }

    /**
     * Retrieves a substate (or partial state) indicated by state_id from the target member.
     * <p>
     * 
     * State transfer is initiated by invoking getState on this channel, state
     * receiver, and sending a GET_STATE message to a target member - state
     * provider. State provider passes GET_STATE message to application that is
     * using the state provider channel which in turn provides an application
     * state to a state receiver. Upon successful installation of a state at
     * state receiver this method returns true.
     * 
     * 
     * @param target
     *                State provider. If null, coordinator is used
     * @param state_id
     *                The ID of the substate. If null, the entire state will be
     *                transferred
     * @param timeout
     *                the number of milliseconds to wait for the operation to
     *                complete successfully. 0 waits until the state has been
     *                received
     *                    
     * @see ExtendedMessageListener#getState(OutputStream)
     * @see ExtendedMessageListener#setState(InputStream)
     * @see MessageListener#getState()
     * @see MessageListener#setState(byte[])
     * 
     * 
     * @return true if state transfer was successful, false otherwise
     * @throws ChannelNotConnectedException
     *                 if channel was not connected at the time state retrieval
     *                 was initiated
     * @throws ChannelClosedException
     *                 if channel was closed at the time state retrieval was
     *                 initiated
     * @throws IllegalStateException
     *                 if one of state transfer protocols is not present in this
     *                 channel
     * @throws IllegalStateException
     *                 if flush is used in this channel and cluster could not be
     *                 flushed
     */
00967     public boolean getState(Address target, String state_id, long timeout) throws ChannelNotConnectedException, ChannelClosedException {
        return getState(target, state_id, timeout, true);
    }
    
    /**
     * Retrieves a substate (or partial state) indicated by state_id from the target member.
     * <p>
     * 
     * State transfer is initiated by invoking getState on this channel, state
     * receiver, and sending a GET_STATE message to a target member - state
     * provider. State provider passes GET_STATE message to application that is
     * using the state provider channel which in turn provides an application
     * state to a state receiver. Upon successful installation of a state at
     * state receiver this method returns true.
     * 
     * 
     * @param target
     *                State provider. If null, coordinator is used
     * @param state_id
     *                The ID of the substate. If null, the entire state will be
     *                transferred
     * @param timeout
     *                the number of milliseconds to wait for the operation to
     *                complete successfully. 0 waits until the state has been
     *                received
     * @param useFlushIfPresent
     *                whether channel should be flushed prior to state retrieval
     * 
     * @see ExtendedMessageListener#getState(OutputStream)
     * @see ExtendedMessageListener#setState(InputStream)
     * @see MessageListener#getState()
     * @see MessageListener#setState(byte[])
     * 
     * 
     * @return true if state transfer was successful, false otherwise
     * @throws ChannelNotConnectedException
     *                 if channel was not connected at the time state retrieval
     *                 was initiated
     * @throws ChannelClosedException
     *                 if channel was closed at the time state retrieval was
     *                 initiated
     * @throws IllegalStateException
     *                 if one of state transfer protocols is not present in this
     *                 channel
     * @throws IllegalStateException
     *                 if flush is used in this channel and cluster could not be
     *                 flushed
     */
01015     public boolean getState(Address target, String state_id, long timeout,boolean useFlushIfPresent) throws ChannelNotConnectedException, ChannelClosedException {
        checkClosedOrNotConnected();
        if(!state_transfer_supported) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("fetching state will fail as state transfer is not supported. "
                    + "Add one of the STATE_TRANSFER protocols to your protocol configuration");
        }
        
        if(target == null)
            target=determineCoordinator();
        if(target != null && local_addr != null && target.equals(local_addr)) {
            if(log.isTraceEnabled())
                log.trace("cannot get state from myself (" + target + "): probably the first member");
            return false;
        }
        
        boolean initiateFlush = flushSupported() && useFlushIfPresent;
        
        if(initiateFlush){
            boolean successfulFlush = startFlush(false);
            //http://jira.jboss.com/jira/browse/JGRP-759
            if(!successfulFlush){
                throw new IllegalStateException("Could not flush the cluster and proceed with state retrieaval");
            }
        }

        state_promise.reset();
        StateTransferInfo state_info=new StateTransferInfo(target, state_id, timeout);
        down(new Event(Event.GET_STATE, state_info));
        Boolean b=state_promise.getResult(state_info.timeout);
        
        if(initiateFlush)
            stopFlush();
        
        boolean state_transfer_successfull = b != null && b.booleanValue();
        if(!state_transfer_successfull)
            down(new Event(Event.RESUME_STABLE));
        return state_transfer_successfull;
    }


    /**
     * Retrieves the current group state. Sends GET_STATE event down to STATE_TRANSFER layer.
     * Blocks until STATE_TRANSFER sends up a GET_STATE_OK event or until <code>timeout</code>
     * milliseconds have elapsed. The argument of GET_STATE_OK should be a vector of objects.
     * @param targets - the target members to receive the state from ( an Address list )
     * @param timeout - the number of milliseconds to wait for the operation to complete successfully
     * @return true of the state was received, false if the operation timed out
     * @deprecated Not really needed - we always want to get the state from a single member,
     * use {@link #getState(org.jgroups.Address, long)} instead
     */
01065     public boolean getAllStates(Vector targets, long timeout) throws ChannelNotConnectedException, ChannelClosedException {
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException("use getState() instead");
    }


    /**
     * Called by the application is response to receiving a <code>getState()</code> object when
     * calling <code>receive()</code>.
     * When the application receives a getState() message on the receive() method,
     * it should call returnState() to reply with the state of the application
     * @param state The state of the application as a byte buffer
     *              (to send over the network).
     */
01078     public void returnState(byte[] state) {
        try {
            StateTransferInfo state_info=new StateTransferInfo(null, null, 0L, state);
            applstate_exchanger.exchange(state_info);
        }
        catch(InterruptedException e) {
            Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Returns a substate as indicated by state_id
     * @param state
     * @param state_id
     */
01093     public void returnState(byte[] state, String state_id) {
        try {
            StateTransferInfo state_info=new StateTransferInfo(null, state_id, 0L, state);
            applstate_exchanger.exchange(state_info);
        }
        catch(InterruptedException e) {
            Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
        }
    }





    /**
     * Callback method <BR>
     * Called by the ProtocolStack when a message is received.
     * It will be added to the message queue from which subsequent
     * <code>Receive</code>s will dequeue it.
     * @param evt the event carrying the message from the protocol stack
     */
01114     public Object up(Event evt) {
        int     type=evt.getType();
        Message msg;


        switch(type) {

        case Event.MSG:
            msg=(Message)evt.getArg();
            if(stats) {
                received_msgs++;
                received_bytes+=msg.getLength();
            }

            if(!receive_local_msgs) {  // discard local messages (sent by myself to me)
                if(local_addr != null && msg.getSrc() != null)
                    if(local_addr.equals(msg.getSrc()))
                        return null;
            }
            break;

        case Event.VIEW_CHANGE:
            View tmp=(View)evt.getArg();
            if(tmp instanceof MergeView)
                my_view=new View(tmp.getVid(), tmp.getMembers());
            else
                my_view=tmp;

            /*
             * Bela&Vladimir Oct 27th,2006 (JGroups 2.4)- we need to switch to
             * connected=true because client can invoke channel.getView() in
             * viewAccepted() callback invoked on this thread
             * (see Event.VIEW_CHANGE handling below)
             */

            // not good: we are only connected when we returned from connect() - bela June 22 2007
            //            if(connected == false) {
            //                connected=true;
            //            }
            break;

        case Event.CONFIG:
            Map<String,Object> config=(Map<String,Object>)evt.getArg();
            if(config != null) {
                if(config.containsKey("state_transfer")) {
                    state_transfer_supported=((Boolean)config.get("state_transfer")).booleanValue();
                }
                if(config.containsKey("flush_supported")) {
                    flush_supported=((Boolean)config.get("flush_supported")).booleanValue();
                }
            }
            break;
            
        case Event.INFO:
           Map<String, Object> m = (Map<String, Object>) evt.getArg();
           info.putAll(m);            
           break;    

        case Event.GET_STATE_OK:
            StateTransferInfo state_info = (StateTransferInfo) evt.getArg();
            byte[] state = state_info.state;

            try{
                if(up_handler != null){
                    return up_handler.up(evt);
                }

                if(state != null){
                    String state_id = state_info.state_id;
                    if(receiver != null){
                        try{
                            if(receiver instanceof ExtendedReceiver && state_id != null)
                                ((ExtendedReceiver) receiver).setState(state_id, state);
                            else
                                receiver.setState(state);
                        }catch(Throwable t){
                            if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                                log.warn("failed calling setState() in receiver", t);
                        }
                    }else{
                        try{
                            mq.add(new Event(Event.STATE_RECEIVED, state_info));
                        }
                        catch(Exception e) {
                    }
                }
                }
            }
            finally {
                state_promise.setResult(state != null ? Boolean.TRUE : Boolean.FALSE);
            }
            break;
        case Event.STATE_TRANSFER_INPUTSTREAM_CLOSED:
            state_promise.setResult(Boolean.TRUE);
            break;     

        case Event.STATE_TRANSFER_INPUTSTREAM:
            StateTransferInfo sti=(StateTransferInfo)evt.getArg();
            InputStream is=sti.inputStream;
            //Oct 13,2006 moved to down() when Event.STATE_TRANSFER_INPUTSTREAM_CLOSED is received
            //state_promise.setResult(is != null? Boolean.TRUE : Boolean.FALSE);

            if(up_handler != null) {
                return up_handler.up(evt);
            }

            if(is != null) {
                if(receiver instanceof ExtendedReceiver) {
                    try {
                        if(sti.state_id == null)
                            ((ExtendedReceiver)receiver).setState(is);
                        else
                            ((ExtendedReceiver)receiver).setState(sti.state_id, is);
                    }
                    catch(Throwable t) {
                        if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                            log.warn("failed calling setState() in receiver", t);
                    }
                }
                else if(receiver instanceof Receiver){
                    if(log.isWarnEnabled()){
                        log.warn("Channel has STREAMING_STATE_TRANSFER, however," +
                                " application does not implement ExtendedMessageListener. State is not transfered");
                        Util.close(is);
                    }
                }
                else {
                    try {
                        mq.add(new Event(Event.STATE_TRANSFER_INPUTSTREAM, sti));
                    }
                    catch(Exception e) {
                    }
                }
            }
            break;

        case Event.SET_LOCAL_ADDRESS:
            local_addr_promise.setResult((Address)evt.getArg());
            break;

        case Event.EXIT:
            handleExit(evt);
            return null;  // no need to pass event up; already done in handleExit()

        default:
            break;
        }


        // If UpHandler is installed, pass all events to it and return (UpHandler is e.g. a building block)
        if(up_handler != null) {
            Object ret=up_handler.up(evt);

            if(type == Event.UNBLOCK){
               flush_unblock_promise.setResult(Boolean.TRUE);
            }
            return ret;
        }

        switch(type) {
            case Event.MSG:
                if(receiver != null) {
                    try {
                        receiver.receive((Message)evt.getArg());
                    }
                    catch(Throwable t) {
                        if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                            log.warn("failed calling receive() in receiver", t);
                    }
                    return null;
                }
                break;
            case Event.VIEW_CHANGE:
                if(receiver != null) {
                    try {
                        receiver.viewAccepted((View)evt.getArg());
                    }
                    catch(Throwable t) {
                        if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                            log.warn("failed calling viewAccepted() in receiver", t);
                    }
                    return null;
                }
                break;
            case Event.SUSPECT:
                if(receiver != null) {
                    try {
                        receiver.suspect((Address)evt.getArg());
                    }
                    catch(Throwable t) {
                        if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                            log.warn("failed calling suspect() in receiver", t);
                    }
                    return null;
                }
                break;
            case Event.GET_APPLSTATE:
                if(receiver != null) {
                    StateTransferInfo state_info=(StateTransferInfo)evt.getArg();
                    byte[] tmp_state=null;
                    String state_id=state_info.state_id;
                    try {
                        if(receiver instanceof ExtendedReceiver && state_id!=null) {
                            tmp_state=((ExtendedReceiver)receiver).getState(state_id);
                        }
                        else {
                            tmp_state=receiver.getState();
                        }
                    }
                    catch(Throwable t) {
                        if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                            log.warn("failed calling getState() in receiver", t);
                    }
                    return new StateTransferInfo(null, state_id, 0L, tmp_state);
                }
                break;
            case Event.STATE_TRANSFER_OUTPUTSTREAM:
            StateTransferInfo sti=(StateTransferInfo)evt.getArg();
                OutputStream os=sti.outputStream;
                if(receiver instanceof ExtendedReceiver) {                    
                    if(os != null) {
                        try {
                            if(sti.state_id == null)
                                ((ExtendedReceiver)receiver).getState(os);
                            else
                                ((ExtendedReceiver)receiver).getState(sti.state_id, os);
                        }
                        catch(Throwable t) {
                            if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                                log.warn("failed calling getState() in receiver", t);
                        }                       
                    }                    
                }
                else if(receiver instanceof Receiver){
                    if(log.isWarnEnabled()){
                        log.warn("Channel has STREAMING_STATE_TRANSFER, however," +
                                " application does not implement ExtendedMessageListener. State is not transfered");
                        Util.close(os);
                    }
                }
                break;

            case Event.BLOCK:
                if(!receive_blocks) {  // discard if client has not set 'receiving blocks' to 'on'
                    return Boolean.TRUE;
                }

                if(receiver != null) {
                    try {
                        receiver.block();
                    }
                    catch(Throwable t) {
                        if(log.isErrorEnabled())
                            log.error("failed calling block() in receiver", t);
                    }                     
                    return Boolean.TRUE;
                }
                break;
            case Event.UNBLOCK:
                //invoke receiver if block receiving is on
                if(receive_blocks && receiver instanceof ExtendedReceiver) {                                                     
                    try {
                        ((ExtendedReceiver)receiver).unblock();
                    }
                    catch(Throwable t) {
                        if(log.isErrorEnabled())
                            log.error("failed calling unblock() in receiver", t);
                    }                                                            
                }
                //flip promise
                flush_unblock_promise.setResult(Boolean.TRUE);              
                return null;                
            default:
                break;
        }

        if(type == Event.MSG || type == Event.VIEW_CHANGE || type == Event.SUSPECT ||
                type == Event.GET_APPLSTATE || type== Event.STATE_TRANSFER_OUTPUTSTREAM
                || type == Event.BLOCK || type == Event.UNBLOCK) {
            try {
                mq.add(evt);
            }
            catch(QueueClosedException queue_closed) {
                ; // ignore
            }
            catch(Exception e) {
                if(log.isWarnEnabled()) log.warn("exception adding event " + evt + " to message queue", e);
            }
        }

        if(type == Event.GET_APPLSTATE) {
            try {
                return applstate_exchanger.exchange(null);
            }
            catch(InterruptedException e) {
                Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
                return null;
            }
        }
        return null;
    }


    /**
     * Sends a message through the protocol stack if the stack is available
     * @param evt the message to send down, encapsulated in an event
     */
01421     public void down(Event evt) {
        if(evt == null) return;

        switch(evt.getType()) {
            case Event.CONFIG:
                try {
                    Map<String,Object> m=(Map<String,Object>)evt.getArg();
                    if(m != null) {
                        additional_data.putAll(m);
                        if(m.containsKey("additional_data")) {
                            byte[] tmp=(byte[])m.get("additional_data");
                            if(local_addr instanceof IpAddress)
                                ((IpAddress)local_addr).setAdditionalData(tmp);
                        }
                    }
                }
                catch(Throwable t) {
                    if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("CONFIG event did not contain a hashmap: " + t);
                }
                break;            
        }

        prot_stack.down(evt);
    }


01447     public Object downcall(Event evt) {
        if(evt == null) return null;

        switch(evt.getType()) {
            case Event.CONFIG:
                try {
                    Map<String,Object> m=(Map<String,Object>)evt.getArg();
                    if(m != null) {
                        additional_data.putAll(m);
                        if(m.containsKey("additional_data")) {
                            byte[] tmp=(byte[])m.get("additional_data");
                            if(local_addr instanceof IpAddress)
                                ((IpAddress)local_addr).setAdditionalData(tmp);
                        }
                    }
                }
                catch(Throwable t) {
                    if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("CONFIG event did not contain a hashmap: " + t);
                }
                break;           
        }

        return prot_stack.down(evt);
    }



    public String toString(boolean details) {
        StringBuilder sb=new StringBuilder();
        sb.append("local_addr=").append(local_addr).append('\n');
        sb.append("cluster_name=").append(cluster_name).append('\n');
        sb.append("my_view=").append(my_view).append('\n');
        sb.append("connected=").append(connected).append('\n');
        sb.append("closed=").append(closed).append('\n');
        if(mq != null)
            sb.append("incoming queue size=").append(mq.size()).append('\n');
        if(details) {
            sb.append("receive_blocks=").append(receive_blocks).append('\n');
            sb.append("receive_local_msgs=").append(receive_local_msgs).append('\n');
            sb.append("auto_reconnect=").append(auto_reconnect).append('\n');
            sb.append("auto_getstate=").append(auto_getstate).append('\n');
            sb.append("state_transfer_supported=").append(state_transfer_supported).append('\n');
            sb.append("props=").append(props).append('\n');
        }

        return sb.toString();
    }


    /* ----------------------------------- Private Methods ------------------------------------- */


    protected final void init(ProtocolStackConfigurator configurator) throws ChannelException {
        if(log.isInfoEnabled())
            log.info("JGroups version: " + Version.description);
        ConfiguratorFactory.substituteVariables(configurator); // replace vars with system props
        props=configurator.getProtocolStackString();
        prot_stack=new ProtocolStack(this, props);
        try {
            prot_stack.setup(); // Setup protocol stack (creates protocol, calls init() on them)
        }
        catch(Throwable e) {
            throw new ChannelException("unable to setup the protocol stack: " + e.getMessage(), e);
        }
    }


    /**
     * Initializes all variables. Used after <tt>close()</tt> or <tt>disconnect()</tt>,
     * to be ready for new <tt>connect()</tt>
     */
01518     private void init() {
        local_addr=null;
        cluster_name=null;
        my_view=null;

        // changed by Bela Sept 25 2003
        //if(mq != null && mq.closed())
          //  mq.reset();
        connected=false;
    }


    private void startStack(String cluster_name) throws ChannelException {
        /*make sure the channel is not closed*/
        checkClosed();

        /*make sure we have a valid channel name*/
        if(cluster_name == null) {
            if(log.isDebugEnabled()) log.debug("cluster_name is null, assuming unicast channel");
        }
        else
            this.cluster_name=cluster_name;

        try {
            prot_stack.startStack(cluster_name); // calls start() in all protocols, from top to bottom
        }
        catch(Throwable e) {
            throw new ChannelException("failed to start protocol stack", e);
        }

        String tmp=Util.getProperty(new String[]{Global.CHANNEL_LOCAL_ADDR_TIMEOUT, "local_addr.timeout"},
                                    null, null, false, "30000");
        LOCAL_ADDR_TIMEOUT=Long.parseLong(tmp);

        /* Wait LOCAL_ADDR_TIMEOUT milliseconds for local_addr to have a non-null value (set by SET_LOCAL_ADDRESS) */
        local_addr=local_addr_promise.getResult(LOCAL_ADDR_TIMEOUT);
        if(local_addr == null) {
            log.fatal("local_addr is null; cannot connect");
            throw new ChannelException("local_addr is null");
        }

        /*create a temporary view, assume this channel is the only member and is the coordinator*/
        Vector<Address> t=new Vector<Address>(1);
        t.addElement(local_addr);
        my_view=new View(local_addr, 0, t);  // create a dummy view
    }



    /**
     * health check<BR>
     * throws a ChannelClosed exception if the channel is closed
     */
01571     protected void checkClosed() throws ChannelClosedException {
        if(closed)
            throw new ChannelClosedException();
    }


    protected void checkClosedOrNotConnected() throws ChannelNotConnectedException, ChannelClosedException {
        if(closed)
            throw new ChannelClosedException();
        if(!connected)
            throw new ChannelNotConnectedException();
    }


    /**
     * returns the value of the event<BR>
     * These objects will be returned<BR>
     * <PRE>
     * <B>Event Type    - Return Type</B>
     * Event.MSG           - returns a Message object
     * Event.VIEW_CHANGE   - returns a View object
     * Event.SUSPECT       - returns a SuspectEvent object
     * Event.BLOCK         - returns a new BlockEvent object
     * Event.GET_APPLSTATE - returns a GetStateEvent object
     * Event.STATE_RECEIVED- returns a SetStateEvent object
     * Event.Exit          - returns an ExitEvent object
     * All other           - return the actual Event object
     * </PRE>
     * @param   evt - the event of which you want to extract the value
     * @return the event value if it matches the select list,
     *         returns null if the event is null
     *         returns the event itself if a match (See above) can not be made of the event type
     */
01604     static Object getEvent(Event evt) {
        if(evt == null)
            return null; // correct ?

        switch(evt.getType()) {
            case Event.MSG:
                return evt.getArg();
            case Event.VIEW_CHANGE:
                return evt.getArg();
            case Event.SUSPECT:
                return new SuspectEvent(evt.getArg());
            case Event.BLOCK:
                return new BlockEvent();
            case Event.UNBLOCK:
                return new UnblockEvent();
            case Event.GET_APPLSTATE:
                StateTransferInfo info=(StateTransferInfo)evt.getArg();
                return new GetStateEvent(info.target, info.state_id);
            case Event.STATE_RECEIVED:
                info=(StateTransferInfo)evt.getArg();
                return new SetStateEvent(info.state, info.state_id);
            case Event.STATE_TRANSFER_OUTPUTSTREAM:
                  info = (StateTransferInfo)evt.getArg();
                return new StreamingGetStateEvent(info.outputStream,info.state_id);
            case Event.STATE_TRANSFER_INPUTSTREAM:
                  info = (StateTransferInfo)evt.getArg();
                return new StreamingSetStateEvent(info.inputStream,info.state_id);
            case Event.EXIT:
                return new ExitEvent();
            default:
                return evt;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Disconnects and closes the channel.
     * This method does the following things
     * <ol>
     * <li>Calls <code>this.disconnect</code> if the disconnect parameter is true
     * <li>Calls <code>Queue.close</code> on mq if the close_mq parameter is true
     * <li>Calls <code>ProtocolStack.stop</code> on the protocol stack
     * <li>Calls <code>ProtocolStack.destroy</code> on the protocol stack
     * <li>Sets the channel closed and channel connected flags to true and false
     * <li>Notifies any channel listener of the channel close operation
     * </ol>
     */
01650     protected void _close(boolean disconnect, boolean close_mq) {
        if(closed)
            return;

        if(disconnect)
            disconnect();                     // leave group if connected

        if(close_mq) 
            closeMessageQueue(false);       

        stopStack(true, true);
        closed=true;
        connected=false;
        notifyChannelClosed(this);
        init(); // sets local_addr=null; changed March 18 2003 (bela) -- prevented successful rejoining
    }

    protected void stopStack(boolean disconnect, boolean destroy) {
        if(prot_stack != null) {
            try {
                if(disconnect)
                    prot_stack.stopStack(cluster_name);

                if(destroy)
                    prot_stack.destroy();
            }
            catch(Exception e) {
                if(log.isErrorEnabled())
                    log.error("failed destroying the protocol stack", e);
            }
        }
    }


    public final void closeMessageQueue(boolean flush_entries) {
        if(mq != null)
            mq.close(flush_entries);
    }


    /**
     * Creates a separate thread to close the protocol stack.
     * This is needed because the thread that called JChannel.up() with the EXIT event would
     * hang waiting for up() to return, while up() actually tries to kill that very thread.
     * This way, we return immediately and allow the thread to terminate.
     */
01696     private void handleExit(Event evt) {
        notifyChannelShunned();
        if(closer != null && !closer.isAlive())
            closer=null;
        if(closer == null) {
            if(log.isDebugEnabled())
                log.debug("received an EXIT event, will leave the channel");
            closer=new CloserThread(evt);
            closer.start();
        }
    }

    public boolean flushSupported() {
        return flush_supported;
    }

    /**
     * Will perform a flush of the system, ie. all pending messages are flushed out of the 
     * system and all members ack their reception. After this call returns, no member will
     * be sending any messages until {@link #stopFlush()} is called.
     * <p>
     * In case of flush collisions, random sleep time backoff algorithm is employed and
     * flush is reattempted for numberOfAttempts. Therefore this method is guaranteed 
     * to return after timeout x numberOfAttempts miliseconds.
     * 
     * @param automatic_resume Call {@link #stopFlush()} after the flush
     * @return true if FLUSH completed within the timeout
     */
01724     public boolean startFlush(boolean automatic_resume) {
        if(!flushSupported()) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("Flush is not supported, add pbcast.FLUSH protocol to your configuration");
        }                 
        boolean successfulFlush = (Boolean) downcall(new Event(Event.SUSPEND));
        
        if(automatic_resume)
            stopFlush();

        return successfulFlush;              
    }
    
    /**
     * Performs a partial flush in a cluster for flush participants. 
     * <p>
     * All pending messages are flushed out only for flush participants.
     * Remaining members in a cluster are not included in flush.
     * Flush participants should be a proper subset of a current view. 
     * 
     * <p>
     * In case of flush collisions, random sleep time backoff algorithm is employed and
     * flush is reattempted for numberOfAttempts. Therefore this method is guaranteed 
     * to return after timeout x numberOfAttempts miliseconds.
     * 
     * @param automatic_resume Call {@link #stopFlush()} after the flush
     * @return true if FLUSH completed within the timeout
     */
01751     public boolean startFlush(List<Address> flushParticipants,boolean automatic_resume) {
        boolean successfulFlush = false;
        if(!flushSupported()){
            throw new IllegalStateException("Flush is not supported, add pbcast.FLUSH protocol to your configuration");
        }
        View v = getView();
        if(v != null && v.getMembers().containsAll(flushParticipants)){
            successfulFlush = (Boolean) downcall(new Event(Event.SUSPEND, flushParticipants));
        }else{
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Current view " + v
                                               + " does not contain all flush participants "
                                               + flushParticipants);
        }
        
        if(automatic_resume)
            stopFlush(flushParticipants);

        return successfulFlush;              
    }
    
    /**
     * Will perform a flush of the system, ie. all pending messages are flushed out of the 
     * system and all members ack their reception. After this call returns, no member will
     * be sending any messages until {@link #stopFlush()} is called.
     * <p>
     * In case of flush collisions, random sleep time backoff algorithm is employed and
     * flush is reattempted for numberOfAttempts. Therefore this method is guaranteed 
     * to return after timeout x numberOfAttempts miliseconds.
     * @param timeout
     * @param automatic_resume Call {@link #stopFlush()} after the flush
     * @return true if FLUSH completed within the timeout
     */
01783     public boolean startFlush(long timeout, boolean automatic_resume) {        
        return startFlush(automatic_resume);       
    }

    public void stopFlush() {
        if(!flushSupported()) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("Flush is not supported, add pbcast.FLUSH protocol to your configuration");
        }
       
        down(new Event(Event.RESUME));

        //do not return until UNBLOCK event is received            
        try {
            flush_unblock_promise.getResultWithTimeout(FLUSH_UNBLOCK_TIMEOUT);
        }
        catch(TimeoutException te) {
            log.warn("Timeout waiting for UNBLOCK event at " + getLocalAddress());
        }
    }

    public void stopFlush(List<Address> flushParticipants) {
        if(!flushSupported()) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("Flush is not supported, add pbcast.FLUSH protocol to your configuration");
        }
        
        down(new Event(Event.RESUME, flushParticipants));

        // do not return until UNBLOCK event is received
        try {
            flush_unblock_promise.getResultWithTimeout(FLUSH_UNBLOCK_TIMEOUT);
        }
        catch(TimeoutException te) {
            log.warn("Timeout waiting for UNBLOCK event at " + getLocalAddress());
        }
    }
    
    @Override
    public Map<String, Object> getInfo(){
       return new HashMap<String, Object>(info);
    }

    public void setInfo(String key, Object value) {
        if(key != null)
            info.put(key, value);
    }

    Address determineCoordinator() {
        Vector<Address> mbrs=my_view != null? my_view.getMembers() : null;
        if(mbrs == null)
            return null;
        if(!mbrs.isEmpty())
            return (Address)mbrs.firstElement();
        return null;
    }

    private TimeScheduler getTimer() {
        if(prot_stack != null) {
            TP transport=prot_stack.getTransport();
            if(transport != null) {
                return transport.getTimer();
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    /* ------------------------------- End of Private Methods ---------------------------------- */


    class CloserThread extends Thread {
        final Event evt;
        final Thread t=null;


        CloserThread(Event evt) {
            super(Util.getGlobalThreadGroup(), "CloserThread");
            this.evt=evt;
            setDaemon(true);
        }


        public void run() {
            try {
                String old_cluster_name=cluster_name; // remember because close() will null it
                if(log.isDebugEnabled())
                    log.debug("closing the channel");
                _close(false, false); // do not disconnect before closing channel, do not close mq (yet !)

                if(up_handler != null)
                    up_handler.up(this.evt);
                else {
                    try {
                        if(receiver == null)
                            mq.add(this.evt);
                    }
                    catch(Exception ex) {
                        if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("exception: " + ex);
                    }
                }

                if(mq != null) {
                    Util.sleep(500); // give the mq thread a bit of time to deliver EXIT to the application
                    try {
                        mq.close(false);
                    }
                    catch(Exception ex) {
                    }
                }

                if(auto_reconnect) {
                    try {
                        if(log.isDebugEnabled()) log.debug("reconnecting to group " + old_cluster_name);
                        open();
                        if(additional_data != null) {
                            // send previously set additional_data down the stack - other protocols (e.g. TP) use it
                            Map<String,Object> m=new HashMap<String,Object>(additional_data);
                            down(new Event(Event.CONFIG, m));
                        }
                    }
                    catch(Exception ex) {
                        if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("failure reopening channel: " + ex);
                        return;
                    }

                    while(!connected) {
                        try {
                            connect(old_cluster_name);
                            notifyChannelReconnected(local_addr);
                        }
                        catch(Exception ex) {
                            if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("failure reconnecting to channel, retrying", ex);
                            Util.sleep(1000); // sleep 1 sec between reconnect attempts
                        }
                    }
                }

                if(auto_getstate && state_transfer_supported) {
                    if(log.isDebugEnabled())
                        log.debug("fetching the state (auto_getstate=true)");
                    boolean rc=JChannel.this.getState(null, GET_STATE_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT);
                    if(log.isDebugEnabled()) {
                        if(rc)
                            log.debug("state was retrieved successfully");
                        else
                            log.debug("state transfer failed");
                    }
                }

            }
            catch(Exception ex) {
                if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("exception: " + ex);
            }
            finally {
                closer=null;
            }
        }
    }

}

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