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Sourcecode: libjgroups-java version File versions

GMS.java

package org.jgroups.protocols.pbcast;


import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.jgroups.*;
import org.jgroups.stack.Protocol;
import org.jgroups.util.*;
import org.jgroups.util.Queue;

import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.Future;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import org.jgroups.protocols.pbcast.GmsImpl.Request;


/**
 * Group membership protocol. Handles joins/leaves/crashes (suspicions) and emits new views
 * accordingly. Use VIEW_ENFORCER on top of this layer to make sure new members don't receive
 * any messages until they are members
 * @author Bela Ban
 * @version $Id: GMS.java,v 1.126.2.17 2008/06/23 07:55:52 belaban Exp $
 */
00026 public class GMS extends Protocol {
    private GmsImpl           impl=null;
    Address                   local_addr=null;
    final Membership          members=new Membership();     // real membership
    private final Membership  tmp_members=new Membership(); // base for computing next view

    /** Members joined but for which no view has been received yet */
00033     private final Vector<Address> joining=new Vector<Address>(7);

    /** Members excluded from group, but for which no view has been received yet */
00036     private final Vector<Address>  leaving=new Vector<Address>(7);

    View                      view=null;
    ViewId                    view_id=null;
    private long              ltime=0;
    long                      join_timeout=5000;
    long                      leave_timeout=5000;
    long                      merge_timeout=5000;           // time to wait for all MERGE_RSPS
    private final Object      impl_mutex=new Object();       // synchronizes event entry into impl
    private final Hashtable<String,GmsImpl>   impls=new Hashtable<String,GmsImpl>(3);
    private boolean           shun=false;
    boolean                   merge_leader=false;         // can I initiate a merge ?
    private boolean           print_local_addr=true;
    boolean                   disable_initial_coord=false; // can the member become a coord on startup or not ?
    /** Setting this to false disables concurrent startups. This is only used by unit testing code
     * for testing merging. To everybody else: don't change it to false ! */
00052     boolean                   handle_concurrent_startup=true;
    /** Whether view bundling (http://jira.jboss.com/jira/browse/JGRP-144) should be enabled or not. Setting this to
     * false forces each JOIN/LEAVE/SUPSECT request to be handled separately. By default these requests are processed
     * together if they are queued at approximately the same time */
00056     private boolean           view_bundling=true;
    private long              max_bundling_time=50; // 50ms max to wait for other JOIN, LEAVE or SUSPECT requests
    static final String       CLIENT="Client";
    static final String       COORD="Coordinator";
    static final String       PART="Participant";
    TimeScheduler             timer=null;

    /** Max number of old members to keep in history */
00064     protected int             num_prev_mbrs=50;

    /** Keeps track of old members (up to num_prev_mbrs) */
00067     BoundedList<Address>      prev_members=null;

    /** If we receive a JOIN request from P and P is already in the current membership, then we send back a JOIN
     * response with an error message when this property is set to true (Channel.connect() will fail). Otherwise,
     * we return the current view */
00072     boolean                   reject_join_from_existing_member=true;

    int                       num_views=0;

    /** Stores the last 20 views */
00077     BoundedList<View>         prev_views=new BoundedList<View>(20);


    /** Class to process JOIN, LEAVE and MERGE requests */
00081     private final ViewHandler view_handler=new ViewHandler();

    /** To collect VIEW_ACKs from all members */
00084     final AckCollector        ack_collector=new AckCollector();
      
    //[JGRP-700] - FLUSH: flushing should span merge
    final AckCollector        merge_ack_collector=new AckCollector();


    /** Time in ms to wait for all VIEW acks (0 == wait forever) */
00091     long                      view_ack_collection_timeout=2000;

    /** How long should a Resumer wait until resuming the ViewHandler */
00094     long                      resume_task_timeout=20000;

    boolean                   flushProtocolInStack=false;

    public static final String       name="GMS";



    public GMS() {
        initState();
    }


    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }


    public String getView() {return view_id != null? view_id.toString() : "null";}
    public int getNumberOfViews() {return num_views;}
    public String getLocalAddress() {return local_addr != null? local_addr.toString() : "null";}
    public String getMembers() {return members != null? members.toString() : "[]";}
    public int getNumMembers() {return members != null? members.size() : 0;}
    public long getJoinTimeout() {return join_timeout;}
    public void setJoinTimeout(long t) {join_timeout=t;}
    /** @deprecated */
00120     public long getJoinRetryTimeout() {return -1;}
    /** @deprecated */
00122     public void setJoinRetryTimeout(long t) {}
    public boolean isShun() {return shun;}
    public void setShun(boolean s) {shun=s;}
    public String printPreviousMembers() {
        StringBuilder sb=new StringBuilder();
        if(prev_members != null) {
            for(Address addr: prev_members) {
                sb.append(addr).append("\n");
            }
        }
        return sb.toString();
    }

    public long getViewAckCollectionTimeout() {
        return view_ack_collection_timeout;
    }

    public void setViewAckCollectionTimeout(long view_ack_collection_timeout) {
        this.view_ack_collection_timeout=view_ack_collection_timeout;
    }

    public boolean isViewBundling() {
        return view_bundling;
    }

    public void setViewBundling(boolean view_bundling) {
        this.view_bundling=view_bundling;
    }

    public long getMaxBundlingTime() {
        return max_bundling_time;
    }

    public void setMaxBundlingTime(long max_bundling_time) {
        this.max_bundling_time=max_bundling_time;
    }

    public int viewHandlerSize() {return view_handler.size();}
    public boolean isViewHandlerSuspended() {return view_handler.suspended();}
    public String dumpViewHandlerQueue() {
        return view_handler.dumpQueue();
    }
    public String dumpViewHandlerHistory() {
        return view_handler.dumpHistory();
    }
    public void suspendViewHandler() {
        view_handler.suspend(null);
    }
    public void resumeViewHandler() {
        view_handler.resumeForce();
    }

    Log getLog() {return log;}

    ViewHandler getViewHandler() {return view_handler;}

    public String printPreviousViews() {
        StringBuilder sb=new StringBuilder();
        for(View view: prev_views) {
            sb.append(view).append("\n");
        }
        return sb.toString();
    }

    public boolean isCoordinator() {
        Address coord=determineCoordinator();
        return coord != null && local_addr != null && local_addr.equals(coord);
    }


    public void resetStats() {
        super.resetStats();
        num_views=0;
        prev_views.clear();
    }


00199     public Vector<Integer> requiredDownServices() {
        Vector<Integer> retval=new Vector<Integer>(3);
        retval.addElement(new Integer(Event.GET_DIGEST));
        retval.addElement(new Integer(Event.SET_DIGEST));
        retval.addElement(new Integer(Event.FIND_INITIAL_MBRS));
        return retval;
    }

    public void setImpl(GmsImpl new_impl) {
        synchronized(impl_mutex) {
            if(impl == new_impl) // superfluous
                return;
            impl=new_impl;
            if(log.isDebugEnabled()) {
                String msg=(local_addr != null? local_addr.toString()+" " : "") + "changed role to " + new_impl.getClass().getName();
                log.debug(msg);
            }
        }
    }


    public GmsImpl getImpl() {
        return impl;
    }


00225     public void init() throws Exception {
        prev_members=new BoundedList<Address>(num_prev_mbrs);
        timer=getTransport().getTimer();
        if(timer == null)
            throw new Exception("GMS.init(): timer is null");
        if(impl != null)
            impl.init();
    }

00234     public void start() throws Exception {
        if(impl != null) impl.start();        
    }

00238     public void stop() {
        view_handler.stop(true);
        if(impl != null) impl.stop();
        if(prev_members != null)
            prev_members.clear();
    }


    public void becomeCoordinator() {
        CoordGmsImpl tmp=(CoordGmsImpl)impls.get(COORD);
        if(tmp == null) {
            tmp=new CoordGmsImpl(this);
            impls.put(COORD, tmp);
        }
        try {
            tmp.init();
        }
        catch(Exception e) {
            log.error("exception switching to coordinator role", e);
        }
        setImpl(tmp);
    }


    public void becomeParticipant() {
        ParticipantGmsImpl tmp=(ParticipantGmsImpl)impls.get(PART);

        if(tmp == null) {
            tmp=new ParticipantGmsImpl(this);
            impls.put(PART, tmp);
        }
        try {
            tmp.init();
        }
        catch(Exception e) {
            log.error("exception switching to participant", e);
        }
        setImpl(tmp);
    }

    public void becomeClient() {
        ClientGmsImpl tmp=(ClientGmsImpl)impls.get(CLIENT);
        if(tmp == null) {
            tmp=new ClientGmsImpl(this);
            impls.put(CLIENT, tmp);
        }
        try {
            tmp.init();
        }
        catch(Exception e) {
            log.error("exception switching to client role", e);
        }
        setImpl(tmp);
    }


    boolean haveCoordinatorRole() {
        return impl != null && impl instanceof CoordGmsImpl;
    }


    /**
     * Computes the next view. Returns a copy that has <code>old_mbrs</code> and
     * <code>suspected_mbrs</code> removed and <code>new_mbrs</code> added.
     */
00303     public View getNextView(Collection<Address> new_mbrs, Collection<Address> old_mbrs, Collection<Address> suspected_mbrs) {
        Vector<Address> mbrs;
        long vid;
        View v;
        Membership tmp_mbrs;       

        synchronized(members) {
            if(view_id == null) {
                log.error("view_id is null");
                return null; // this should *never* happen !
            }
            vid=Math.max(view_id.getId(), ltime) + 1;
            ltime=vid;
            tmp_mbrs=tmp_members.copy();  // always operate on the temporary membership
            tmp_mbrs.remove(suspected_mbrs);
            tmp_mbrs.remove(old_mbrs);
            tmp_mbrs.add(new_mbrs);
            mbrs=tmp_mbrs.getMembers();
            v=new View(local_addr, vid, mbrs);

            // Update membership (see DESIGN for explanation):
            tmp_members.set(mbrs);

            // Update joining list (see DESIGN for explanation)
            if(new_mbrs != null) {
                for(Iterator<Address> it=new_mbrs.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                    Address tmp_mbr=it.next();
                    if(!joining.contains(tmp_mbr))
                        joining.addElement(tmp_mbr);
                }
            }

            // Update leaving list (see DESIGN for explanations)
            if(old_mbrs != null) {
                for(Iterator<Address> it=old_mbrs.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                    Address addr=it.next();
                    if(!leaving.contains(addr))
                        leaving.add(addr);
                }
            }
            if(suspected_mbrs != null) {
                for(Iterator<Address> it=suspected_mbrs.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                    Address addr=it.next();
                    if(!leaving.contains(addr))
                        leaving.add(addr);
                }
            }
            return v;
        }
    }


    /**
     * Broadcasts the new view and digest, and waits for acks from all members in the list given as argument.
     * If the list is null, we take the members who are part of new_view
     * @param new_view
     * @param digest
     * @param members
     */
00362     public void castViewChangeWithDest(View new_view, Digest digest, JoinRsp jr, Collection <Address> newMembers) {           
        if(log.isTraceEnabled())
            log.trace("mcasting view {" + new_view + "} (" + new_view.size() + " mbrs)\n");
       
        Message view_change_msg=new Message(); // bcast to all members
        GmsHeader hdr=new GmsHeader(GmsHeader.VIEW, new_view);
        hdr.my_digest=digest;
        view_change_msg.putHeader(name, hdr);

        List<Address> ackMembers = new ArrayList<Address>(new_view.getMembers());
        if(newMembers != null && !newMembers.isEmpty()) {
            ackMembers.removeAll(newMembers);
        }
        ack_collector.reset(new_view.getVid(), ackMembers);   
               
        
        // Send down a local TMP_VIEW event. This is needed by certain layers (e.g. NAKACK) to compute correct digest
        // in case client's next request (e.g. getState()) reaches us *before* our own view change multicast.
        // Check NAKACK's TMP_VIEW handling for details   
        down_prot.up(new Event(Event.TMP_VIEW, new_view));
        down_prot.down(new Event(Event.TMP_VIEW, new_view));
        down_prot.down(new Event(Event.MSG, view_change_msg));
        
        try {
            ack_collector.waitForAllAcks(view_ack_collection_timeout);
            if(log.isTraceEnabled())
                log.trace("received all ACKs (" + ack_collector.size()
                          + ") for "
                          + new_view.getVid());
        }
        catch(TimeoutException e) {
            log.warn(local_addr + " failed to collect all ACKs (" + ack_collector.size()
                     + ") for mcasted view "
                     + new_view
                     + " after "
                     + view_ack_collection_timeout
                     + "ms, missing ACKs from "
                     + ack_collector.printMissing()
                     + " (received="
                     + ack_collector.printReceived()
                     + "), local_addr="
                     + local_addr);
        }   
        
        if(jr != null && (newMembers != null && !newMembers.isEmpty())) {
            ack_collector.reset(new_view.getVid(), new ArrayList<Address>(newMembers));
            for(Address joiner:newMembers) {
                sendJoinResponse(jr, joiner);
            }
            try {
                ack_collector.waitForAllAcks(view_ack_collection_timeout);
                if(log.isTraceEnabled())
                    log.trace("received all ACKs (" + ack_collector.size()
                              + ") for "
                              + new_view.getVid());
            }
            catch(TimeoutException e) {
                log.warn(local_addr + " failed to collect all ACKs (" + ack_collector.size()
                         + ") for unicasted view "
                         + new_view
                         + " after "
                         + view_ack_collection_timeout
                         + "ms, missing ACKs from "
                         + ack_collector.printMissing()
                         + " (received="
                         + ack_collector.printReceived()
                         + "), local_addr="
                         + local_addr);
            }
        }           
    }
    
    public void sendJoinResponse(JoinRsp rsp, Address dest) {
        Message m=new Message(dest, null, null);        
        GMS.GmsHeader hdr=new GMS.GmsHeader(GMS.GmsHeader.JOIN_RSP, rsp);
        m.putHeader(getName(), hdr);        
        getDownProtocol().down(new Event(Event.ENABLE_UNICASTS_TO, dest));
        getDownProtocol().down(new Event(Event.MSG, m));        
    }


    public void installView(View new_view) {
        installView(new_view, null);
    }


    /**
     * Sets the new view and sends a VIEW_CHANGE event up and down the stack. If the view is a MergeView (subclass
     * of View), then digest will be non-null and has to be set before installing the view.
     */
00452     public void installView(View new_view, Digest digest) {
        Address coord;
        int rc;
        ViewId vid=new_view.getVid();
        Vector<Address> mbrs=new_view.getMembers();

        // Discards view with id lower than our own. Will be installed without check if first view
        if(view_id != null) {
            rc=vid.compareTo(view_id);
            if(rc <= 0) {
                if(log.isWarnEnabled() && rc < 0) // only scream if view is smaller, silently discard same views
                    log.warn("[" + local_addr + "] received view < current view;" +
                            " discarding it (current vid: " + view_id + ", new vid: " + vid + ')');
                return;
            }
        }

        if(digest != null)
            mergeDigest(digest);

        if(log.isDebugEnabled()) log.debug("[local_addr=" + local_addr + "] view is " + new_view);
        if(stats) {
            num_views++;
            prev_views.add(new_view);
        }

        ack_collector.handleView(new_view);
        merge_ack_collector.handleView(new_view);

        ltime=Math.max(vid.getId(), ltime);  // compute Lamport logical time

        /* Check for self-inclusion: if I'm not part of the new membership, I just discard it.
        This ensures that messages sent in view V1 are only received by members of V1 */
        if(checkSelfInclusion(mbrs) == false) {
            // only shun if this member was previously part of the group. avoids problem where multiple
            // members (e.g. X,Y,Z) join {A,B} concurrently, X is joined first, and Y and Z get view
            // {A,B,X}, which would cause Y and Z to be shunned as they are not part of the membership
            // bela Nov 20 2003
            if(shun && local_addr != null && prev_members.contains(local_addr)) {
                if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                    log.warn("I (" + local_addr + ") am not a member of view " + new_view +
                            ", shunning myself and leaving the group (prev_members are " + prev_members +
                            ", current view is " + view + ")");
                if(impl != null)
                    impl.handleExit();
                up_prot.up(new Event(Event.EXIT));
            }
            else {
                if(log.isWarnEnabled()) log.warn("I (" + local_addr + ") am not a member of view " + new_view + "; discarding view");
            }
            return;
        }

        synchronized(members) {   // serialize access to views
            // assign new_view to view_id
            if(new_view instanceof MergeView)
                view=new View(new_view.getVid(), new_view.getMembers());
            else
                view=new_view;
            view_id=vid.copy();

            // Set the membership. Take into account joining members
            if(mbrs != null && !mbrs.isEmpty()) {
                members.set(mbrs);
                tmp_members.set(members);
                joining.removeAll(mbrs);  // remove all members in mbrs from joining
                // remove all elements from 'leaving' that are not in 'mbrs'
                leaving.retainAll(mbrs);

                tmp_members.add(joining);    // add members that haven't yet shown up in the membership
                tmp_members.remove(leaving); // remove members that haven't yet been removed from the membership

                // add to prev_members
                for(Iterator<Address> it=mbrs.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                    Address addr=it.next();
                    if(!prev_members.contains(addr))
                        prev_members.add(addr);
                }
            }

            // Send VIEW_CHANGE event up and down the stack:
            Event view_event=new Event(Event.VIEW_CHANGE, new_view);
            // changed order of passing view up and down (http://jira.jboss.com/jira/browse/JGRP-347)
            // changed it back (bela Sept 4 2007): http://jira.jboss.com/jira/browse/JGRP-564
            down_prot.down(view_event); // needed e.g. by failure detector or UDP
            up_prot.up(view_event);


            coord=determineCoordinator();
            // if(coord != null && coord.equals(local_addr) && !(coord.equals(vid.getCoordAddress()))) {
            // changed on suggestion by yaronr and Nicolas Piedeloupe
            if(coord != null && coord.equals(local_addr) && !haveCoordinatorRole()) {
                becomeCoordinator();
            }
            else {
                if(haveCoordinatorRole() && !local_addr.equals(coord))
                    becomeParticipant();
            }
        }
    }


    protected Address determineCoordinator() {
        synchronized(members) {
            return members != null && members.size() > 0? members.elementAt(0) : null;
        }
    }


    /** Checks whether the potential_new_coord would be the new coordinator (2nd in line) */
00562     protected boolean wouldBeNewCoordinator(Address potential_new_coord) {
        Address new_coord;

        if(potential_new_coord == null) return false;

        synchronized(members) {
            if(members.size() < 2) return false;
            new_coord=members.elementAt(1);  // member at 2nd place
            return new_coord != null && new_coord.equals(potential_new_coord);
        }
    }


    /** Returns true if local_addr is member of mbrs, else false */
00576     protected boolean checkSelfInclusion(Vector<Address> mbrs) {
        Object mbr;
        if(mbrs == null)
            return false;
        for(int i=0; i < mbrs.size(); i++) {
            mbr=mbrs.elementAt(i);
            if(mbr != null && local_addr.equals(mbr))
                return true;
        }
        return false;
    }


    public View makeView(Vector<Address> mbrs) {
        Address coord=null;
        long id=0;

        if(view_id != null) {
            coord=view_id.getCoordAddress();
            id=view_id.getId();
        }
        return new View(coord, id, mbrs);
    }


    public static View makeView(Vector<Address> mbrs, ViewId vid) {
        Address coord=null;
        long id=0;

        if(vid != null) {
            coord=vid.getCoordAddress();
            id=vid.getId();
        }
        return new View(coord, id, mbrs);
    }


    /** Send down a SET_DIGEST event */
00614     public void setDigest(Digest d) {
        down_prot.down(new Event(Event.SET_DIGEST, d));
    }


    /** Send down a MERGE_DIGEST event */
00620     public void mergeDigest(Digest d) {
        down_prot.down(new Event(Event.MERGE_DIGEST, d));
    }


    /** Sends down a GET_DIGEST event and waits for the GET_DIGEST_OK response, or
     timeout, whichever occurs first */
00627     public Digest getDigest() {
        return (Digest)down_prot.down(Event.GET_DIGEST_EVT);
    }

    boolean startFlush(View new_view) {
        boolean successfulFlush=true;
        boolean validView=new_view != null && new_view.size() > 0;
        if(validView && flushProtocolInStack) {
            successfulFlush=(Boolean)up_prot.up(new Event(Event.SUSPEND,
                                                          new ArrayList<Address>(new_view.getMembers())));

            if(successfulFlush) {
                if(log.isTraceEnabled())
                    log.trace("Successful GMS flush by coordinator at " + getLocalAddress());
            }
            else {
                if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                    log.warn("GMS flush by coordinator at " + getLocalAddress() + " failed");
            }
        }
        return successfulFlush;
    }

    void stopFlush() {
        if(flushProtocolInStack) {
            if(log.isDebugEnabled()) {
                log.debug(getLocalAddress() + " sending RESUME event");
            }
            up_prot.up(new Event(Event.RESUME));
        }
    }
    
    void stopFlush(List<Address> members) {
        
        if(log.isDebugEnabled()){
            log.debug(getLocalAddress() + " sending RESUME event");
        }
        up_prot.up(new Event(Event.RESUME,members));
    }


00668     public Object up(Event evt) {
        switch(evt.getType()) {

            case Event.MSG:
                Message msg=(Message)evt.getArg();
                GmsHeader hdr=(GmsHeader)msg.getHeader(name);
                if(hdr == null)
                    break;
                switch(hdr.type) {
                    case GmsHeader.JOIN_REQ:
                        view_handler.add(new Request(Request.JOIN, hdr.mbr, false, null));
                        break;
                    case GmsHeader.JOIN_REQ_WITH_STATE_TRANSFER:
                        view_handler.add(new Request(Request.JOIN_WITH_STATE_TRANSFER, hdr.mbr, false, null));
                        break;    
                    case GmsHeader.JOIN_RSP:
                        impl.handleJoinResponse(hdr.join_rsp);
                        break;
                    case GmsHeader.LEAVE_REQ:
                        if(log.isDebugEnabled())
                            log.debug("received LEAVE_REQ for " + hdr.mbr + " from " + msg.getSrc());
                        if(hdr.mbr == null) {
                            if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("LEAVE_REQ's mbr field is null");
                            return null;
                        }
                        view_handler.add(new Request(Request.LEAVE, hdr.mbr, false, null));
                        break;
                    case GmsHeader.LEAVE_RSP:
                        impl.handleLeaveResponse();
                        break;
                    case GmsHeader.VIEW:
                        View new_view=hdr.view;
                        if(new_view == null) {
                            if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("[VIEW]: view == null");
                            return null;
                        }

                        Address coord=msg.getSrc();
                        if(!new_view.containsMember(coord)) {
                            sendViewAck(coord); // we need to send the ack first, otherwise the connection is removed
                            impl.handleViewChange(new_view, hdr.my_digest);
                        }
                        else {
                            impl.handleViewChange(new_view, hdr.my_digest);
                            sendViewAck(coord); // send VIEW_ACK to sender of view
                        }
                        break;

                    case GmsHeader.VIEW_ACK:
                        Address sender=msg.getSrc();
                        ack_collector.ack(sender);
                        return null; // don't pass further up

                    case GmsHeader.MERGE_REQ:
                        down_prot.down(new Event(Event.SUSPEND_STABLE, 20000)); 
                                                
                        if(log.isDebugEnabled()){
                              log.debug("Merge participant " + local_addr + " got merge request from " + msg.getSrc());
                        }                                                                                                                                    
                        impl.handleMergeRequest(msg.getSrc(), hdr.merge_id);
                        break;

                    case GmsHeader.MERGE_RSP:
                        MergeData merge_data=new MergeData(msg.getSrc(), hdr.view, hdr.my_digest);
                        merge_data.merge_rejected=hdr.merge_rejected;
                        if(log.isDebugEnabled()) {
                            log.debug("Got merge response at " + local_addr + " from " + msg.getSrc() + 
                                      ", merge_id=" + hdr.view+ ", merge data is "+ merge_data);
                        } 
                        impl.handleMergeResponse(merge_data, hdr.merge_id);
                        break;

                    case GmsHeader.INSTALL_MERGE_VIEW:
                        impl.handleMergeView(new MergeData(msg.getSrc(), hdr.view, hdr.my_digest), hdr.merge_id);
                        down_prot.down(new Event(Event.RESUME_STABLE));
                        break;
                     
                    case GmsHeader.INSTALL_MERGE_VIEW_OK:                        
                        //[JGRP-700] - FLUSH: flushing should span merge
                        merge_ack_collector.ack(msg.getSrc());                   
                        break;    

                    case GmsHeader.CANCEL_MERGE:
                        //[JGRP-524] - FLUSH and merge: flush doesn't wrap entire merge process                        
                        impl.handleMergeCancelled(hdr.merge_id);
                        down_prot.down(new Event(Event.RESUME_STABLE));
                        break;

                    default:
                        if(log.isErrorEnabled()) log.error("GmsHeader with type=" + hdr.type + " not known");
                }
                return null;  // don't pass up

            case Event.SET_LOCAL_ADDRESS:
                local_addr=(Address)evt.getArg();
                if(print_local_addr) {
                    System.out.println("\n-------------------------------------------------------\n" +
                                       "GMS: address is " + local_addr +
                                       "\n-------------------------------------------------------");
                }
                break;                               // pass up

            case Event.SUSPECT:
                Address suspected=(Address)evt.getArg();
                view_handler.add(new Request(Request.SUSPECT, suspected, true, null));
                ack_collector.suspect(suspected);
                merge_ack_collector.suspect(suspected);
                break;                               // pass up

            case Event.UNSUSPECT:
                impl.unsuspect((Address)evt.getArg());
                return null;                              // discard

            case Event.MERGE:
                view_handler.add(new Request(Request.MERGE, null, false, (Vector<Address>)evt.getArg()));
                return null;                              // don't pass up
        }

        if(impl.handleUpEvent(evt))
            return up_prot.up(evt);
        return null;
    }



    

    /**
     This method is overridden to avoid hanging on getDigest(): when a JOIN is received, the coordinator needs
     to retrieve the digest from the NAKACK layer. It therefore sends down a GET_DIGEST event, to which the NAKACK layer
     responds with a GET_DIGEST_OK event.<p>
     However, the GET_DIGEST_OK event will not be processed because the thread handling the JOIN request won't process
     the GET_DIGEST_OK event until the JOIN event returns. The receiveUpEvent() method is executed by the up-handler
     thread of the lower protocol and therefore can handle the event. All we do here is unblock the mutex on which
     JOIN is waiting, allowing JOIN to return with a valid digest. The GET_DIGEST_OK event is then discarded, because
     it won't be processed twice.
     */
//    public void receiveUpEvent(Event evt) {
//        switch(evt.getType()) {
//            case Event.GET_DIGEST_OK:
//                digest_promise.setResult(evt.getArg());
//                return; // don't pass further up
//        }
//        super.receiveUpEvent(evt);
//    }


00815     public Object down(Event evt) {
        Object arg=null;
        switch(evt.getType()) {            
            case Event.CONNECT:
                down_prot.down(evt);
                if(local_addr == null)
                    if(log.isFatalEnabled()) log.fatal("[CONNECT] local_addr is null");
                try {
                    impl.join(local_addr);
                }
                catch(Throwable e) {
                    arg=e;
                }
                return arg;  // don't pass down: was already passed down
                
            case Event.CONNECT_WITH_STATE_TRANSFER:
                down_prot.down(evt);
                if(local_addr == null)
                    if(log.isFatalEnabled()) log.fatal("[CONNECT] local_addr is null");
                try {
                    impl.joinWithStateTransfer(local_addr);
                }
                catch(Throwable e) {
                    arg=e;
                }
                return arg;  // don't pass down: was already passed down    

            case Event.DISCONNECT:
                impl.leave((Address)evt.getArg());
                if(!(impl instanceof CoordGmsImpl)) {
                    initState(); // in case connect() is called again
                }
                down_prot.down(evt); // notify the other protocols, but ignore the result
                return null;

            case Event.CONFIG :
               Map<String,Object> config=(Map<String,Object>)evt.getArg();
               if((config != null && config.containsKey("flush_supported"))){
                     flushProtocolInStack=true;
               }
               break;
        }

        return down_prot.down(evt);
    }


    /** Setup the Protocol instance according to the configuration string */
00863     public boolean setProperties(Properties props) {
        String str;

        super.setProperties(props);
        str=props.getProperty("shun");
        if(str != null) {
            shun=Boolean.valueOf(str).booleanValue();
            props.remove("shun");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("merge_leader");
        if(str != null) {
            merge_leader=Boolean.valueOf(str).booleanValue();
            props.remove("merge_leader");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("print_local_addr");
        if(str != null) {
            print_local_addr=Boolean.valueOf(str).booleanValue();
            props.remove("print_local_addr");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("join_timeout");           // time to wait for JOIN
        if(str != null) {
            join_timeout=Long.parseLong(str);
            props.remove("join_timeout");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("join_retry_timeout");     // time to wait between JOINs
        if(str != null) {
            props.remove("join_retry_timeout");
            if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                log.warn("join_retry_timeout has been deprecated and its value will be ignored");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("leave_timeout");           // time to wait until coord responds to LEAVE req.
        if(str != null) {
            leave_timeout=Long.parseLong(str);
            props.remove("leave_timeout");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("merge_timeout");           // time to wait for MERGE_RSPS from subgroup coordinators
        if(str != null) {
            merge_timeout=Long.parseLong(str);
            props.remove("merge_timeout");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("digest_timeout");          // time to wait for GET_DIGEST_OK from PBCAST
        if(str != null) {
            log.warn("digest_timeout has been deprecated and its value will be ignored");
            props.remove("digest_timeout");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("view_ack_collection_timeout");
        if(str != null) {
            view_ack_collection_timeout=Long.parseLong(str);
            props.remove("view_ack_collection_timeout");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("resume_task_timeout");
        if(str != null) {
            resume_task_timeout=Long.parseLong(str);
            props.remove("resume_task_timeout");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("disable_initial_coord");
        if(str != null) {
            disable_initial_coord=Boolean.valueOf(str).booleanValue();
            props.remove("disable_initial_coord");
            if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                log.warn("disable_initial_coord has been deprecated and will be phased out by 3.0, please don't use it anymore");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("handle_concurrent_startup");
        if(str != null) {
            handle_concurrent_startup=Boolean.valueOf(str).booleanValue();
            props.remove("handle_concurrent_startup");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("num_prev_mbrs");
        if(str != null) {
            num_prev_mbrs=Integer.parseInt(str);
            props.remove("num_prev_mbrs");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("reject_join_from_existing_member");
        if(str != null) {
            reject_join_from_existing_member=Boolean.parseBoolean(str);
            props.remove("reject_join_from_existing_member");
        }
        
        str=props.getProperty("use_flush");
        if(str != null) {
            log.warn("use_flush has been deprecated and its value will be ignored");
            props.remove("use_flush");
        } 
        str=props.getProperty("flush_timeout");   
        if(str != null) {
            log.warn("flush_timeout has been deprecated and its value will be ignored");
            props.remove("flush_timeout");
        }  

        str=props.getProperty("view_bundling");
        if(str != null) {
            view_bundling=Boolean.valueOf(str).booleanValue();
            props.remove("view_bundling");
        }

        str=props.getProperty("max_bundling_time");
        if(str != null) {
            max_bundling_time=Long.parseLong(str);
            props.remove("max_bundling_time");
        }


        if(!props.isEmpty()) {
            log.error("the following properties are not recognized: " + props);
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }



    /* ------------------------------- Private Methods --------------------------------- */

    final void initState() {
        becomeClient();
        view_id=null;
        view=null;
    }


    private void sendViewAck(Address dest) {
        Message view_ack=new Message(dest, null, null);
        view_ack.setFlag(Message.OOB);
        GmsHeader tmphdr=new GmsHeader(GmsHeader.VIEW_ACK);
        view_ack.putHeader(name, tmphdr);
        if(log.isTraceEnabled())
            log.trace("sending VIEW_ACK to " + dest);
        down_prot.down(new Event(Event.MSG, view_ack));
    }

    /* --------------------------- End of Private Methods ------------------------------- */



    public static class GmsHeader extends Header implements Streamable {
        public static final byte JOIN_REQ=1;
        public static final byte JOIN_RSP=2;
        public static final byte LEAVE_REQ=3;
        public static final byte LEAVE_RSP=4;
        public static final byte VIEW=5;
        public static final byte MERGE_REQ=6;
        public static final byte MERGE_RSP=7;
        public static final byte INSTALL_MERGE_VIEW=8;
        public static final byte CANCEL_MERGE=9;
        public static final byte VIEW_ACK=10;
        public static final byte JOIN_REQ_WITH_STATE_TRANSFER = 11;
        public static final byte INSTALL_MERGE_VIEW_OK=12;

        byte type=0;
        View view=null;            // used when type=VIEW or MERGE_RSP or INSTALL_MERGE_VIEW
        Address mbr=null;             // used when type=JOIN_REQ or LEAVE_REQ
        JoinRsp join_rsp=null;        // used when type=JOIN_RSP
        Digest my_digest=null;          // used when type=MERGE_RSP or INSTALL_MERGE_VIEW
        ViewId merge_id=null;        // used when type=MERGE_REQ or MERGE_RSP or INSTALL_MERGE_VIEW or CANCEL_MERGE
        boolean merge_rejected=false; // used when type=MERGE_RSP
        private static final long serialVersionUID=2369798797842183276L;


        public GmsHeader() {
        } // used for Externalization

        public GmsHeader(byte type) {
            this.type=type;
        }


        /** Used for VIEW header */
        public GmsHeader(byte type, View view) {
            this.type=type;
            this.view=view;
        }


        /** Used for JOIN_REQ or LEAVE_REQ header */
        public GmsHeader(byte type, Address mbr) {
            this.type=type;
            this.mbr=mbr;
        }

        /** Used for JOIN_RSP header */
        public GmsHeader(byte type, JoinRsp join_rsp) {
            this.type=type;
            this.join_rsp=join_rsp;
        }

        public byte getType() {
            return type;
        }

        public Address getMember() {
            return mbr;
        }

        public String toString() {
            StringBuilder sb=new StringBuilder("GmsHeader");
            sb.append('[' + type2String(type) + ']');
            switch(type) {
                case JOIN_REQ:
                    sb.append(": mbr=" + mbr);
                    break;

                case JOIN_RSP:
                    sb.append(": join_rsp=" + join_rsp);
                    break;

                case LEAVE_REQ:
                    sb.append(": mbr=" + mbr);
                    break;

                case LEAVE_RSP:
                    break;

                case VIEW:
                case VIEW_ACK:
                    sb.append(": view=" + view);
                    break;

                case MERGE_REQ:
                    sb.append(": merge_id=" + merge_id);
                    break;

                case MERGE_RSP:
                    sb.append(": view=" + view + ", digest=" + my_digest + ", merge_rejected=" + merge_rejected +
                            ", merge_id=" + merge_id);
                    break;

                case INSTALL_MERGE_VIEW:
                    sb.append(": view=" + view + ", digest=" + my_digest);
                    break;

                case CANCEL_MERGE:
                    sb.append(", <merge cancelled>, merge_id=" + merge_id);
                    break;
            }
            return sb.toString();
        }


        public static String type2String(int type) {
            switch(type) {
                case JOIN_REQ: return "JOIN_REQ";
                case JOIN_RSP: return "JOIN_RSP";
                case LEAVE_REQ: return "LEAVE_REQ";
                case LEAVE_RSP: return "LEAVE_RSP";
                case VIEW: return "VIEW";
                case MERGE_REQ: return "MERGE_REQ";
                case MERGE_RSP: return "MERGE_RSP";
                case INSTALL_MERGE_VIEW: return "INSTALL_MERGE_VIEW";
                case CANCEL_MERGE: return "CANCEL_MERGE";
                case VIEW_ACK: return "VIEW_ACK";
                case JOIN_REQ_WITH_STATE_TRANSFER: return "JOIN_REQ_WITH_STATE_TRANSFER";
                default: return "<unknown>";
            }
        }


        public void writeExternal(ObjectOutput out) throws IOException {
            out.writeByte(type);
            out.writeObject(view);
            out.writeObject(mbr);
            out.writeObject(join_rsp);
            out.writeObject(my_digest);
            out.writeObject(merge_id);
            out.writeBoolean(merge_rejected);
        }


        public void readExternal(ObjectInput in) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
            type=in.readByte();
            view=(View)in.readObject();
            mbr=(Address)in.readObject();
            join_rsp=(JoinRsp)in.readObject();
            my_digest=(Digest)in.readObject();
            merge_id=(ViewId)in.readObject();
            merge_rejected=in.readBoolean();
        }


        public void writeTo(DataOutputStream out) throws IOException {
            out.writeByte(type);
            boolean isMergeView=view != null && view instanceof MergeView;
            out.writeBoolean(isMergeView);
            Util.writeStreamable(view, out);
            Util.writeAddress(mbr, out);
            Util.writeStreamable(join_rsp, out);
            Util.writeStreamable(my_digest, out);
            Util.writeStreamable(merge_id, out); // kludge: we know merge_id is a ViewId
            out.writeBoolean(merge_rejected);
        }

        public void readFrom(DataInputStream in) throws IOException, IllegalAccessException, InstantiationException {
            type=in.readByte();
            boolean isMergeView=in.readBoolean();
            if(isMergeView)
                view=(View)Util.readStreamable(MergeView.class, in);
            else
                view=(View)Util.readStreamable(View.class, in);
            mbr=Util.readAddress(in);
            join_rsp=(JoinRsp)Util.readStreamable(JoinRsp.class, in);
            my_digest=(Digest)Util.readStreamable(Digest.class, in);
            merge_id=(ViewId)Util.readStreamable(ViewId.class, in);
            merge_rejected=in.readBoolean();
        }

        public int size() {
            int retval=Global.BYTE_SIZE *2; // type + merge_rejected

            retval+=Global.BYTE_SIZE; // presence view
            retval+=Global.BYTE_SIZE; // MergeView or View
            if(view != null)
                retval+=view.serializedSize();

            retval+=Util.size(mbr);

            retval+=Global.BYTE_SIZE; // presence of join_rsp
            if(join_rsp != null)
                retval+=join_rsp.serializedSize();

            retval+=Global.BYTE_SIZE; // presence for my_digest
            if(my_digest != null)
                retval+=my_digest.serializedSize();

            retval+=Global.BYTE_SIZE; // presence for merge_id
            if(merge_id != null)
                retval+=merge_id.serializedSize();
            return retval;
        }

    }









    /**
     * Class which processes JOIN, LEAVE and MERGE requests. Requests are queued and processed in FIFO order
     * @author Bela Ban
     * @version $Id: GMS.java,v 1.126.2.17 2008/06/23 07:55:52 belaban Exp $
     */
01219     class ViewHandler implements Runnable {
        volatile Thread                    thread;
        Queue                              q=new Queue(); // Queue<Request>
        boolean                            suspended=false;
        final static long                  INTERVAL=5000;
        private static final long          MAX_COMPLETION_TIME=10000;
        /** Maintains a list of the last 20 requests */
01226         private final BoundedList<String>  history=new BoundedList<String>(20);

        /** Map<Object,Future>. Keeps track of Resumer tasks which have not fired yet */
01229         private final Map<Object, Future>  resume_tasks=new HashMap<Object,Future>();
        private Object                     merge_id=null;


        void add(Request req) {
            add(req, false, false);
        }

        synchronized void add(Request req, boolean at_head, boolean unsuspend) {
            if(suspended && !unsuspend) {
                log.warn("queue is suspended; request " + req + " is discarded");
                return;
            }
            start(unsuspend);
            try {
                if(at_head)
                    q.addAtHead(req);
                else
                    q.add(req);
                history.add(new Date() + ": " + req.toString());
            }
            catch(QueueClosedException e) {
                if(log.isTraceEnabled())
                    log.trace("queue is closed; request " + req + " is discarded");
            }
        }


        void waitUntilCompleted(long timeout) {
            waitUntilCompleted(timeout, false);
        }

        synchronized void waitUntilCompleted(long timeout, boolean resume) {
            if(thread != null) {
                try {
                    thread.join(timeout);
                }
                catch(InterruptedException e) {
                    Thread.currentThread().interrupt(); // set interrupt flag again
                }
                //Added after Brian noticed that ViewHandler leaks class loaders 
                thread = null;
            }
            if(resume)
                resumeForce();
        }

        /**
         * Waits until the current request has been processes, then clears the queue and discards new
         * requests from now on
         */
01280         public synchronized void suspend(Object merge_id) {
            if(!suspended) {
                suspended=true;
                this.merge_id=merge_id;
                q.clear();
                waitUntilCompleted(MAX_COMPLETION_TIME);
                q.close(true);
                
                if(log.isDebugEnabled())
                    log.debug("suspended ViewHandler at " + local_addr);
                Resumer resumer=new Resumer(merge_id, resume_tasks, this);
                Future<?> future=timer.schedule(resumer, resume_task_timeout, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
                Future<?> old_future=resume_tasks.put(merge_id, future);
                if(old_future != null)
                    old_future.cancel(true);
            }
            else {
                if(log.isWarnEnabled()) {
                    log.warn("attempted suspend on ViewHandler at  " + local_addr+ ", however, it is already suspended");
                }
            }
        }


        public synchronized void resume(Object merge_id) {
            if(suspended) {
                boolean same_merge_id=this.merge_id != null && merge_id != null && this.merge_id.equals(merge_id);
                same_merge_id=same_merge_id || (this.merge_id == null && merge_id == null);

                if(same_merge_id) {
                    synchronized(resume_tasks) {
                        Future<?> future=resume_tasks.get(merge_id);
                        if(future != null) {
                            future.cancel(false);
                            resume_tasks.remove(merge_id);
                        }
                    }
                }
                else{
                    if(log.isWarnEnabled())
                        log.warn("resume(" + merge_id+ ") does not match "+ this.merge_id);                   
                }                
                resumeForce();
            }            
        }

        public synchronized void resumeForce() {
            if(q.closed())
                q.reset();
            suspended=false;
            if(log.isTraceEnabled())
                log.trace("resumed ViewHandler");
        }

        public void run() {
            long end_time, wait_time;
            List<Request> requests=new LinkedList<Request>();
            while(Thread.currentThread().equals(thread) && !suspended) {
                try {
                    boolean keepGoing=false;
                    end_time=System.currentTimeMillis() + max_bundling_time;
                    do {
                        Request firstRequest=(Request)q.remove(INTERVAL); // throws a TimeoutException if it runs into timeout
                        requests.add(firstRequest);
                        if(!view_bundling)
                            break;
                        if(q.size() > 0) {
                            Request nextReq=(Request)q.peek();
                            keepGoing=view_bundling && firstRequest.canBeProcessedTogether(nextReq);
                        }
                        else {
                            wait_time=end_time - System.currentTimeMillis();
                            if(wait_time > 0)
                                q.waitUntilClosed(wait_time); // misnomer: waits until element has been added or q closed
                            keepGoing=q.size() > 0 && firstRequest.canBeProcessedTogether((Request)q.peek());
                        }
                    }
                    while(keepGoing && System.currentTimeMillis() < end_time);

                    try {
                        process(requests);
                    }
                    finally {
                        requests.clear();
                    }
                }
                catch(QueueClosedException e) {
                    break;
                }
                catch(TimeoutException e) {
                    break;
                }
                catch(Throwable catchall) {
                    Util.sleep(50);
                }
            }
        }

        public int size() {return q.size();}
        public boolean suspended() {return suspended;}
        public String dumpQueue() {
            StringBuilder sb=new StringBuilder();
            List v=q.values();
            for(Iterator it=v.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
                sb.append(it.next() + "\n");
            }
            return sb.toString();
        }

        public String dumpHistory() {
            StringBuilder sb=new StringBuilder();
            for(String line: history) {
                sb.append(line + "\n");
            }
            return sb.toString();
        }

        private void process(List<Request> requests) {
            if(requests.isEmpty())
                return;
            if(log.isTraceEnabled())
                log.trace("processing " + requests);
            Request firstReq=requests.get(0);
            switch(firstReq.type) {
                case Request.JOIN:
                case Request.JOIN_WITH_STATE_TRANSFER:
                case Request.LEAVE:
                case Request.SUSPECT:                   
                    impl.handleMembershipChange(requests);
                    break;
                case Request.MERGE:
                    if(requests.size() > 1)
                        log.error("more than one MERGE request to process, ignoring the others");
                    impl.merge(firstReq.coordinators);
                    break;                
                default:
                    log.error("request " + firstReq.type + " is unknown; discarded");
            }
        }




        synchronized void start(boolean unsuspend) {
            if(q.closed())
                q.reset();
            if(unsuspend) {
                suspended=false;
                Future<?> future;
                synchronized(resume_tasks) {
                    future=resume_tasks.remove(merge_id);
                }
                if(future != null)
                    future.cancel(true);
            }
            merge_id=null;
            if(thread == null || !thread.isAlive()) {
                thread=getThreadFactory().newThread(this, "ViewHandler");                
                thread.setDaemon(false); // thread cannot terminate if we have tasks left, e.g. when we as coord leave
                thread.start();
            }
        }

        synchronized void stop(boolean flush) {
            q.close(flush);
            synchronized(resume_tasks) {
                for(Future<?> future: resume_tasks.values()) {
                    future.cancel(true);
                }
                resume_tasks.clear();
            }
            merge_id=null;
            // resumeForce();

            // commented as this is already done in waitUnitlCompleted()
            // thread = null; // Workaround for potential classloader leak to our thread
        }
    }


    /**
     * Resumer is a second line of defense: when the ViewHandler is suspended, it will be resumed when the current
     * merge is cancelled, or when the merge completes. However, in a case where this never happens (this
     * shouldn't be the case !), the Resumer will nevertheless resume the ViewHandler.
     * We chose this strategy because ViewHandler is critical: if it is suspended indefinitely, we would
     * not be able to process new JOIN requests ! So, this is for peace of mind, although it most likely
     * will never be used...
     */
01468     static class Resumer implements Runnable {
        final Object                      token;
        final Map<Object,Future> tasks;
        final ViewHandler                 handler;


        public Resumer(final Object token, final Map<Object,Future> t, final ViewHandler handler) {
            this.token=token;
            this.tasks=t;
            this.handler=handler;
        }

        public void run() {
            boolean execute=true;
            synchronized(tasks) {
                Future future=tasks.get(token);
                if(future != null) {
                    future.cancel(false);
                    execute=true;
                }
                else {
                    execute=false;
                }
                tasks.remove(token);
            }
            if(execute) {
                handler.resume(token);
            }
        }
    }


}

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